|Central coordinates||92o 15.00' East 25o 48.00' North|
|Altitude||700 - 900m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Habang or Umwang is a relatively remote area in Assam’s Karbi Anglong district. The area comprises of a few villages inhabited by Khasi tribe with some Nepali-speaking people. A few hutments of the Karbi tribe also exist. The terrain is rolling country on a plateau. The Umkhen or Borpani river passes though the south of this IBA, beyond which is the state of Meghalaya.
AVIFAUNA: Habang is significant because it is the site of a major congregation of the migrating Amur Falcon Falco amurensis. This raptor migrates from northeastern China and southeastern Siberia to southern Africa through northeast India (Ali and Ripley 1987), and it congregates in large numbers for night roosting at Habang (Choudhury 2000). While its abundance is not known, at least 3,000 were found roosting on a single day in late October 2000. Sometimes, there are more than 5,000 individuals. The birds move through the area for about a month. Hence, it is possible that more than 90,000 birds pass through the area and roost en route. This is one of the few sites that qualify A4ii criteria (= 1% of the global population of congregatory terrestrial species: BirdLife International, undated) The Mountain Bamboo Partridge Bambusicola fytchii has been recorded. There is very interesting report of a remnant population of peafowl, probably the globally threatened Green Peafowl Pavo muticus, however, this needs confirmation (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Hoolock Gibbon Hylobates hoolock occurs in the nearby forests (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Amur Falcon Falco amurensis||passage||2000||min 90,000 individuals||poor||A4ii||Least Concern|
|2003||low||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury and Amol Sharma.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., Unpublished.
Choudhury, A. U. (2000) Birds of Assam, Gibbon Books & WWF-India NE Region, Guwahati.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Habang. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/12/2015
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