|Central coordinates||94o 23.00' East 27o 25.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2, A4i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This IBA site includes a large marshy tract with beels and grassland in eastern Assam. It lies partly in Dhakuakhana subdivision of Lakhimpur district (Sampora area) and Dhemaji district (Bordoloni area). Situated 50 km east of Lakhimpur town, this site is important for waterbirds. The terrain is flat, being on the floodplains. During monsoon, a major part of the IBA is completely inundated.
AVIFAUNA: Although a full checklist is not available, this wetland complex was covered during various waterfowl counts and information on many threatened species is available. Particularly noteworthy are records of the Endangered White-bellied Heron Ardea insignis and large populations of the Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis (Choudhury 2000). Vultures (common till the 1990s), Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius and Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis are other important species recorded. This IBA was proposed as a bird sanctuary in late the 1980s (Choudhury 1991). It is highly likely to harbour the Blackbreasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris, as there are past records from the adjoining areas (BirdLife International 2001). A few thousand waterfowl, including ducks and geese, winter in this area while a few thousand Amur Falcons Falco amurensis migrate through it during fall. The site also fulfils for A4i criteria (1% of biogeographic population) due to the congregation of Amur Falcon. There is a nesting record of the Near Threatened Lesser Grey-headed Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga nana (= humilis) (Choudhury 2000).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: The Hog deer Axis porcinus, Fishing cat Prionailurus viverrina and the Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta are noteworthy (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Endangered|
|White-bellied Heron Ardea insignis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A4i||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Black-breasted Parrotbill Paradoxornis flavirostris||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|2003||high||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||high|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Pollution||agricultural & forestry effluents - soil erosion, sedimentation||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Anwaruddin Choudhury.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia. The BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Choudhury, A. U. (1991) New Dhakuakhana Sub-Division. Annual Report. Revenue, Relief and Rehabilitation, and Registration Departments, Govt. of Assam, 1990-91: Pp. 111-117.
Choudhury, A. U. (2000) The Birds of Assam. Gibbon Books and WWFIndia, N E Regional Office, Guwahati.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bordoloni - Sampora. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 06/02/2016
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