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Location India, Assam
Central coordinates 93o 23.00' East  26o 55.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 14,000 ha
Altitude 80 - 150m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Behali Reserve Forest is located at the foothills of the Eastern Himalaya, in Sonitpur district of Assam, on the Assam-Arunachal Pradesh border. It is part of the Sonitpur Elephant Reserve that was notified in 2003. The area is flat with gentle slopes. Some hilly areas lie in the extreme north of the IBA. The forest is Tropical Wet Evergreen and Semi-evergreen. Some fine patches of primary rainforest are still to be seen in the area. The top canopy consists of species such as Tetrameles nudiflora, an emergent deciduous species, which is widely used by hornbills for nesting (A. U. Choudhury pers. comm. 2003).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
forestry -
Notes: Forestry

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Anwaruddin Choudhury.


Choudhury, A. U. (2000) The Birds of Assam, Gibbon Books & WWFIndia NE Region, Guwahati. Pp 240.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Massive habitat loss for primates in Assam’s Sonitpur district. Asian Primates 8 (1&2): 18-20.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Behali Reserve Forest. Downloaded from on 21/10/2014

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