|Central coordinates||92o 35.00' East 24o 38.00' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description This wetland in southern Assam’s Hailakandi district is located near Hailakandi town and is surrounded by villages. In winter, large parts become dry with marshy areas on the fringes. Although reclamation and siltation have reduced the area, it is more than 150 ha in monsoon and around 70 ha in the post-monsoon season (Choudhury 2000). Bauwwa Beel is relatively small but remains as significant in the Barak Valley region of the state as many others have been lost to land reclamation.
AVIFAUNA: More than 90 species have been identified but there are likely to be more. The Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus is seen regularly, but in small numbers. The Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis is very rare in the entire Barak Valley. One was killed by hunters in 2002-03, indicating its occasional appearance in the site. The Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis has become locally extinct. A few Oriental White-backed Gyps bengalensis have been recorded in recent years. The only recent records of the Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria and Eastern or Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris in Assam were from this IBA (Choudhury 2000).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Small Indian Mongoose Harpactes javanicus, and various turtles have been reported.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||non-breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga||winter||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|2013||very high||near favourable||negligible|
|Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming||happening now||majority/most of area/population (50-90%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||very high|
|Wetlands (inland)||0||0||good (> 90%)||moderate (70-90%)||near favourable|
|Little/none of site covered (<10%)||No management planning has taken place||Very little or no conservation action taking place||negligible|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Artificial - terrestrial||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury and Abdul Munim Mazumdar.
Choudhury, A. U. (2000): The Birds of Assam. Gibbon Books and WWFIndia, NE Regional Office, Guwahati.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bauwwa Beel. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 26/07/2016
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