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Location India, Assam
Central coordinates 92o 35.00' East  24o 38.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 70 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description This wetland in southern Assam’s Hailakandi district is located near Hailakandi town and is surrounded by villages. In winter, large parts become dry with marshy areas on the fringes. Although reclamation and siltation have reduced the area, it is more than 150 ha in monsoon and around 70 ha in the post-monsoon season (Choudhury 2000). Bauwwa Beel is relatively small but remains as significant in the Barak Valley region of the state as many others have been lost to land reclamation.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: More than 90 species have been identified but there are likely to be more. The Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus is seen regularly, but in small numbers. The Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis is very rare in the entire Barak Valley. One was killed by hunters in 2002-03, indicating its occasional appearance in the site. The Swamp Francolin Francolinus gularis has become locally extinct. A few Oriental White-backed Gyps bengalensis have been recorded in recent years. The only recent records of the Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria and Eastern or Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris in Assam were from this IBA (Choudhury 2000).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Golden Jackal Canis aureus, Small Indian Mongoose Harpactes javanicus, and various turtles have been reported.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga winter  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2013 very high near favourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Artificial - terrestrial   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Anwaruddin Choudhury and Abdul Munim Mazumdar.


Choudhury, A. U. (2000): The Birds of Assam. Gibbon Books and WWFIndia, NE Regional Office, Guwahati.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Bauwwa Beel. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

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