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Location India
Central coordinates 91o 45.00' East  26o 6.20' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 7,400 ha
Altitude 50 - 569m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Amchang (or Amcheng) Hills lie very close to Guwahati city, the capital of Assam. Besides being rich in flora and fauna, the area has the potential to become a permanent green belt at the eastern edge of this city with a population of about two million people. The site includes three Reserve Forests: Amchang (5,318 ha), South Amchang (1,550 ha) and Khanapara (996 ha), and a wetland called Khamranga beel. The reserve forest areas have been recommended for a wildlife sanctuary due to an almost isolated population of Asian elephants Elephas maximus and Gaur Bos frontalis (Choudhury 1999, 2002a) and other species, and as green belt for Guwahati (Choudhury 2002b). Considering its importance, the State Forest Department has prepared a proposal for declaring it as a sanctuary (Barua 2003). The area consists of low hills, which are part of a plateau. The lowest parts are about 50 m, near Khamranga beel, while the highest point is 569 m (Parahopa Peak). This IBA enjoys a tropical climate which may be called the ‘Tropical monsoon type.’ The summer is hot and wet, while the winter is cool and dry. The forest type is Tropical Moist Deciduous, with small pockets of Tropical Semi-evergreen. In the depressions, Alpinia allughas herbs and Arundo donax and Neyraudia reynaudiana (both locally called Nal) grass occur. Plantations of the Forest Department are mostly of Teak Tectona grandis.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Vulnerable 
Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Endangered 
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Near Threatened 
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 
Slender-billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris 2004  present [units unknown]  A1  Critically Endangered 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Cultivation on the fringe areas including encroachments
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing in the beel
forestry -
Notes: Forestry

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Anwaruddin Choudhury.

References 

Barua, M. (2003) Proposal for Amchang, South Amchang and Khanapara RFs as Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary, Gotanagar Wildlife Range, Guwahati. (Mimeographed report) Choudhury, A. U. (1999) Status and Conservation of the Asian elephant Elephas maximus in north-eastern India. Mammal Review 29(3): 141- 173.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002a) Distribution and Conservation of the Gaur Bos gaurus in the Indian Subcontinent. Mammal Review 32(3): 199-226.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002b) Big cats, elephant, rhino and gaur in Guwahati. The Rhino Foundation for nature in NE India Newsletter 4:16-19 (reprinted in Tiger Link 9: 32-33).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Amchang Hills. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/04/2014

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