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Location India, Arunachal Pradesh
Central coordinates 92o 52.02' East  27o 19.12' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 86,195 ha
Altitude 100 - 2,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary is bounded to the north and west by the River Bhareli (known as Kameng in Arunachal Pradesh), to the east by the River Pakke and to the south by the Nameri National Park of Assam (an IBA). Doimara Reserve Forest (RF) lies to the west of Pakhui in the Kameng distrct, while Papum RF lies to the east of the Sanctuary in East Kameng district. Both these Reserve Forests cover c. 128,900 ha (Datta 1998a). Pakhui has been recently declared as Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger. Pakhui is criss-crossed by a number of small rivers and perennial tributaries of Bhareli and Pakke rivers, both of which join the Brahmaputra river. The area lies in the foothills of the Himalaya and the terrain is undulating and hilly. A large portion of the northern and central part of the Sanctuary is inaccessible due to dense vegetation, hilly terrain and lack of trails or paths. The forest types include: Tropical Semi-evergreen on the lower plains and foothills, patches of Tropical Evergreen and Subtropical Broadleaf Forests on the hilltops and higher reaches. Moist areas near streams have a profuse growth of bamboo, cane brakes and palms. Patches of tall grassland and shingle beds occur along the larger perennial streams, which give way to lowland moist forests (Datta 1998a).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-winged Duck Asarcornis scutulata resident  2004  present  A1  Endangered 
Rufous-necked Hornbill Aceros nipalensis resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Yellow-vented Warbler Phylloscopus cantator 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Broad-billed Warbler Tickellia hodgsoni 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
Marsh Babbler Pellorneum palustre resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 
Hoary-throated Barwing Actinodura nipalensis 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 
White-naped Yuhina Yuhina bakeri 2004  present  A2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pakhui Sanctuary 86,195 is identical to site 86,195  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Acknowledgements Key contributors: A. Datta, A. Birand and S. Pawar.


Choudhury, A. U. (1995) White-winged Wood Duck in Mehao and Pakhui Sanctuaries, Arunachal Pradesh. IWRB TWRG Newsletter 7: 12.

Choudhury, A. U. (2002) Conservation of the White-winged Wood Duck Cairina scutulata in India. In: Birds of Wetlands and Grasslands: Proceedings of the Salim Ali Centenary Seminar on Conservation of Avifauna of Wetlands and Grasslands. Eds: Rahmani, A. R. and G. Ugra. Pp. x+228. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Choudhury, A. U. and Menon, M. (2003): Kameng underestimated. Ecologist Asia. 119(1). 71-75.

Datta, A. (1998a) Hornbill abundance in unlogged forest, selectively logged forest and a forest plantation in Arunachal Pradesh, India. Oryx 32 (4): 285-294.

Datta, A. (1998b) Evidence of Clouded Leopard Neofelis nebulosa in Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 95(3): 498-499.

Datta, A. (1998c) Records of turtles from Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 95: 121-123.

Datta, A. (1999) Small carnivores in two protected areas of Arunachal Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 96(3): 399-404.

Datta, A. (2000) Pheasant abundance in selectively logged and unlogged forests of western Arunachal Pradesh, Northeast India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 97 (2): 177-183.

Datta, A., Rawat, G. S. and Singh, P. (2001) An ecological study of sympatric hornbills and fruiting patterns in a tropical forest in Arunachal Pradesh: Final Report. Wildlife Institute of India, Dehra Dun. Pp. 253.

Datta, A., Singh, P., Athreya, R. M. and Karthikeyan, S. (1998). Birds of Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary in Western Arunachal Pradesh, North East India, Newsletter for Birdwatcher, Vol: 38 (6): 91-96.

John, A. D. (1983) Wildlife can live with logging. New Scientist 99: 206-211.

John, A. D. (1987) The use of primary and selectively logged rainforest by Malaysian hornbills (Bucerotidae) and implications for their conservation. Biological Conservation 40: 179-190.

Pawar, S. and Birand, A. (2001) A survey of amphibians, reptiles and birds in Northeast India. CERC Technical Report 6. Centre for Ecological Research and Conservation, Mysore. Pp. 118.

Singh, P. (1991) Avian and mammalian evidences in Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary in East Kameng district, Arunachal Pradesh. Arunachal Forest News 9(2): 1-10.

Singh, P. (1994) Recent bird records from Arunachal Pradesh. Forktail 10: 65-104.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pakhui or Pakke Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 26/10/2014

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