email a friend
printable version
Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 80o 21.97' East  16o 16.43' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 15 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description The Uppalapadu, a freshwater tank situated in Uppalapadu village under Village Council (Gram Panchayat) revenue land, is small but very important for the globally threatened Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis. The depth of the tank is c. 3 m. Uppalapadu is c. 8 km from Guntur town. The pelicanry is of recent origin, and nesting was first recorded in the winter of 2000 (Rao and Kumar 2000).

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: In 1999, Spot-billed Pelican, Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, Oriental White Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus, Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus and Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger suddenly appeared in 30 acre wetland of Uppalapadu village and started breeding on large trees (K. M. Rao pers. comm. 2002). In October 2001, 60 pairs of Pelicans were counted and 600 nests of Asian Openbill were seen. As the birds became established in the area, the villagers could not bear the increasing smell of guano. They also complained that the tank water was getting polluted due to the excreta and fish dropped by these birds. Some villagers uprooted trees to stop the birds breeding there, but others protested, so this was stopped. Finally, about 6 acres of the pond was apportioned to the birds by building a small bund. However, this was found to be too small. Local NGOs approached the Forest Department to save the breeding colony. The district authorities have agreed to provide an alternative supply of water to villagers (K. M. Rao in litt. 2001). It is likely that the pelicans have shifted from Kolleru pelicanry which had been abandoned (Manakadan and Kannan 2003). In December 2002, Manakadan and Kannan (2003) recorded a total of 244 pelicans and counted 114 nests.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: This small village pond does not have any mammalian fauna presently of conservation concern.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1, A4i  Near Threatened 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

IBA Monitoring

2013 low favourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low

Wetlands (inland)   0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
water management -
Notes: Water management

Acknowledgements Key contributors: K. Mrutyumjaya Rao and V. Kannan.


Manakadan, R. and Kannan, V. (2003) A study of Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis with special reference to its conservation. Final Report. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. 78 Pp.

Rao, K. M. and Kumar, K. R. (2000) Arrival of Spot-billed Pelican at Uppalapadu. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 40 (1): 14.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Uppalapadu. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife