|Location||India, Andhra Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||84o 41.00' East 19o 7.00' North|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Telineelapuram is located c. 5 km east of Tekkali town in Srikakulam district. The Telineelapuram Gram Panchayat (village council) governs four villages: Telineelapuram (460 ha), Viswanadhapuram and Vemalavada (410 ha), and Srirangam (56.3 ha). Very large numbers of Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis and Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala breed in these villages, mainly on Prosopis chilensis. Some nests are also found on Tamarindus indica and Enterolobium saman. Common trees of human habitations, such as Azadirachta indica, Tamarindus indicus, Enterolobium saman and the introduced Prosopis chilensis, are widespread at the site.
AVIFAUNA: This breeding colony is surviving mainly because of the protection provided by villagers, who consider them sacred and auspicious. If the birds fail to come for breeding (in drought years), villagers believe that harm will come to them. About 150 pelicans and about 250 Painted Stork breed regularly at Telineelapuram. The pelicans mainly breed on four large Ficus trees, while the storks breed on Acacia trees. Their main foraging ground is at Kakarpally Creek, locally known as Kakarapally parras, located about 10 km from the Telineelapuram heronry. The creek spreads over 1000 ha and fills up with sea water during high tide. This site is selected as an IBA solely for its importance as a breeding site of the globally threatened Spot-billed Pelican.
OTHER KEY FAUNA: There is no mammalian fauna of any significance, as the IBA site is located in a village.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|2003||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Biological resource use||fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||work and other activities||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: V. Kannan.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Telineelapuram. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2016
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