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Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 84o 41.00' East  19o 7.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 460 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Telineelapuram is located c. 5 km east of Tekkali town in Srikakulam district. The Telineelapuram Gram Panchayat (village council) governs four villages: Telineelapuram (460 ha), Viswanadhapuram and Vemalavada (410 ha), and Srirangam (56.3 ha). Very large numbers of Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis and Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala breed in these villages, mainly on Prosopis chilensis. Some nests are also found on Tamarindus indica and Enterolobium saman. Common trees of human habitations, such as Azadirachta indica, Tamarindus indicus, Enterolobium saman and the introduced Prosopis chilensis, are widespread at the site.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: This breeding colony is surviving mainly because of the protection provided by villagers, who consider them sacred and auspicious. If the birds fail to come for breeding (in drought years), villagers believe that harm will come to them. About 150 pelicans and about 250 Painted Stork breed regularly at Telineelapuram. The pelicans mainly breed on four large Ficus trees, while the storks breed on Acacia trees. Their main foraging ground is at Kakarpally Creek, locally known as Kakarapally parras, located about 10 km from the Telineelapuram heronry. The creek spreads over 1000 ha and fills up with sea water during high tide. This site is selected as an IBA solely for its importance as a breeding site of the globally threatened Spot-billed Pelican.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: There is no mammalian fauna of any significance, as the IBA site is located in a village.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -
Coastline   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing

Acknowledgements Key contributor: V. Kannan.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Telineelapuram. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

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