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Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 24.80' East  13o 50.68' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 50,694 ha
Altitude 150 - 1,130m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Sri Venkateswara National Park (35,362 ha) and Wildlife Sanctuary (15,332 ha), located in southern Eastern Ghats, are spread over the Seshachalam hills of Cuddapah district and Tirumala hills of Chittoor district. The elevation ranges from 150 to 1,130 m, the terrain is undulating, with deep forest-covered valleys. Most of the rainfall is received from the northeast monsoon and a little from the southwest monsoon. The area has about 1,500 vascular plant species belonging to 174 families, of which many are endemic (Anand Mohan 2000). In this IBA, the vegetation is a unique mix of the Dry Deciduous and Moist Deciduous types. The Park is home to six endemic plant species: Cycas beddomei, Pterocarpus santalinus, Terminalia pallida, Syzygium alternifolium, Shorea tambaggia and Boswellia ovalifoliolata.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sri Venkateswara National Park 35,362 protected area contained by site 35,362  
Sri Venkateswara Sanctuary 15,332 protected area contained by site 15,332  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture and the dam on the habitat and the wildlife in the Sanctuary (Protected Area Update: Issue No. 13 and 45)
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation
water management -
Notes: Agriculture and the dam on the habitat and the wildlife in the Sanctuary (Protected Area Update: Issue No. 13 and 45)

Acknowledgements Key contributors: Panchapakesan Jeganathan and S. Balachandran.


Anand Mohan, B. (2000) Birds in and around Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh. Zoo’s Print Journal 15(10): 339-343.

Balachandran, S. and Pittie, A. (2000) Occurrence of draco or flying lizard Draco dussumieri in Chittor district, Andhra Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 97(1): 147-148.

Bhushan, B. (1994) Ornithology of the Eastern Ghats. M. Sc. (Zoology) Thesis, University of Bombay, Mumbai.

BirdLife International (2001) Threatened birds of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book. Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International.

BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.

Daniel, J. C. (2002) The Book of Indian Reptiles and Amphibians. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

Daniel, J. C., Bhushan, B. and Sekar, A. G. (1986) Rediscovery of the golden gecko Calodactylodes aureus (Beddome) in the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 83: 15-16.

Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1999) Pocket Guide to the Birds of the Indian Sub-continent. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.

Pittie, A. and Balachandran, S. (2002) Pompadour Green Pigeon Treron pompadora affinis and Large Hawk-Cuckoo Hierococcyx sparverioides on the Palkonda Hills, Peninsular India. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 99(2):302-304 Rao, C. N. (1993) Status report of elephants in Andhra Pradesh. Pp. 94- 96. In: A week with Elephants. Proceedings of the international seminar on the Conservation of Asian Elephant. (Eds. Daniel, J. C. and Datye, H.) Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sri Venkateswara Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park. Downloaded from on 21/09/2014

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