|Location||India, Andhra Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||79o 27.83' East 14o 0.55' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||150 - 800m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary, earlier known as the Veliconda Wildlife Sanctuary, spreads over the districts of Cuddapah and Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. This area encompasses Turupukonda hills, part of the Velikonda Hill range, Somasila Dam and Kandaleru Reservoir. This area was proposed as the Velikonda Wildlife Sanctuary soon after the sightings of the Critically Endangered Jerdon’s Courser on the western slopes of Turupukonda Hills (Bhushan 1994) but it was declared only after about ten years as Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary. This IBA site contains Moist Deciduous forest, and Dry Thorn forest on the foothills of Velikonda Hill ranges, apart from Euphorbia scrub forests and monoculture plantation, especially of Eucalyptus and Terminalia arjuna.
AVIFAUNA: Sixty-eight bird species have been recorded in this Sanctuary recently (Jeganathan 2003), of which 3 species fall under Biome-10, 16 species under Biome-11, while 2 are Restricted Range species. Jerdon’s Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus was reported from this Sanctuary in 1986 (Bhushan 1994) and Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus was recorded very recently (P. Jeganathan pers. comm. 2003).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Chital Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Chinkara Gazella bennettii and Wild Boar Sus scrofa are seen in the forested areas. Even the Wolf Canis lupus has been reported, along with Golden Jackal C. aureus and Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis (Jeganathan 2003).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Critically Endangered|
|Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|2003||medium||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||slow but significant deterioration||medium|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Human intrusions and disturbance||recreational activities||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - large dams||likely in long term (beyond 4 years)||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Pollution||garbage & solid waste||happening now||some of area/population (10-49%)||no or imperceptible deterioration||low|
|Transportation and service corridors||roads and railroads||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sri Penusila Narasimha||Sanctuary||103,085||is identical to site||103,085|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature Conservation|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Panchapakesan Jeganathan.
Bhushan, B. (1994) Ornithology of the Eastern Ghats. Ph.D. (Zoology) Thesis, University of Bombay, Mumbai.
Jeganathan, P. (2003) Preliminary faunal survey in the Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Pp. 13.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/05/2016
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