email a friend
printable version
Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 27.83' East  14o 0.55' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 103,085 ha
Altitude 150 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary, earlier known as the Veliconda Wildlife Sanctuary, spreads over the districts of Cuddapah and Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. This area encompasses Turupukonda hills, part of the Velikonda Hill range, Somasila Dam and Kandaleru Reservoir. This area was proposed as the Velikonda Wildlife Sanctuary soon after the sightings of the Critically Endangered Jerdon’s Courser on the western slopes of Turupukonda Hills (Bhushan 1994) but it was declared only after about ten years as Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary. This IBA site contains Moist Deciduous forest, and Dry Thorn forest on the foothills of Velikonda Hill ranges, apart from Euphorbia scrub forests and monoculture plantation, especially of Eucalyptus and Terminalia arjuna.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: Sixty-eight bird species have been recorded in this Sanctuary recently (Jeganathan 2003), of which 3 species fall under Biome-10, 16 species under Biome-11, while 2 are Restricted Range species. Jerdon’s Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus was reported from this Sanctuary in 1986 (Bhushan 1994) and Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus was recorded very recently (P. Jeganathan pers. comm. 2003).

OTHER KEY FAUNA: Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Chital Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Chinkara Gazella bennettii and Wild Boar Sus scrofa are seen in the forested areas. Even the Wolf Canis lupus has been reported, along with Golden Jackal C. aureus and Indian Fox Vulpes bengalensis (Jeganathan 2003).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sri Penusila Narasimha Sanctuary 103,085 is identical to site 103,085  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Aquaculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Panchapakesan Jeganathan.


Bhushan, B. (1994) Ornithology of the Eastern Ghats. Ph.D. (Zoology) Thesis, University of Bombay, Mumbai.

Jeganathan, P. (2003) Preliminary faunal survey in the Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Pp. 13.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 25/04/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife