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Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 27.83' East  14o 0.55' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 103,085 ha
Altitude 150 - 800m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary, earlier known as the Veliconda Wildlife Sanctuary, spreads over the districts of Cuddapah and Nellore, Andhra Pradesh. This area encompasses Turupukonda hills, part of the Velikonda Hill range, Somasila Dam and Kandaleru Reservoir. This area was proposed as the Velikonda Wildlife Sanctuary soon after the sightings of the Critically Endangered Jerdon’s Courser on the western slopes of Turupukonda Hills (Bhushan 1994) but it was declared only after about ten years as Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary. This IBA site contains Moist Deciduous forest, and Dry Thorn forest on the foothills of Velikonda Hill ranges, apart from Euphorbia scrub forests and monoculture plantation, especially of Eucalyptus and Terminalia arjuna.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 
Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Vulnerable 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sri Penusila Narasimha Sanctuary 103,085 is identical to site 103,085  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Aquaculture
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature Conservation

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Panchapakesan Jeganathan.

References 

Bhushan, B. (1994) Ornithology of the Eastern Ghats. Ph.D. (Zoology) Thesis, University of Bombay, Mumbai.

Jeganathan, P. (2003) Preliminary faunal survey in the Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh. Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai. Pp. 13.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sri Penusila Narasimha Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/09/2014

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