email a friend
printable version
Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 40.20' East  14o 38.40' North
IBA criteria A1, A2
Area 46,400 ha
Altitude 150 - 784m
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary, situated in the Lankamalai Hill ranges, is about 30 km from Cuddapah. This sanctuary was declared mainly for the Critically Endangered Jerdon’s Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus after its rediscovery in 1986 (Bhushan 1986). The major types of forest in this Sanctuary are Southern Tropical Thorn and Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous (Champion and Seth 1968). The Sanctuary bears dry deciduous forest in the higher elevations to scrub forest in the plains. Major floristic components of the scrub forest are thorny species of Acacia, Zizyphus and Carissa, and non-thorny species of Cassia, Hardwickia and Anogeissus. The Red Sandal Pterocarpus santalinus, endemic to Andhra Pradesh, occurs here.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus resident  2004  present  A1, A2  Critically Endangered 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sri Lankamalleswaram Sanctuary 46,442 is identical to site 46,400  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture

Acknowledgements Key contributor: Panchapakesan Jeganathan.


Bhushan, B. (1986) Rediscovery of the Jerdon’s Courser Cursorius bitorquatus. J. Bombay. Nat. Hist. Soc. 83: 1-14.

Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Government of India Press, New Delhi.

Jeganathan, P. (2002) Red Data bird revisited: Jerdon’s Courser. World Birdwatch 24(4): 19-21.

Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World, Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7, BirdLife International, U.K.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife