|Location||India, Andhra Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||78o 40.20' East 14o 38.40' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||150 - 784m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary, situated in the Lankamalai Hill ranges, is about 30 km from Cuddapah. This sanctuary was declared mainly for the Critically Endangered Jerdon’s Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus after its rediscovery in 1986 (Bhushan 1986). The major types of forest in this Sanctuary are Southern Tropical Thorn and Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous (Champion and Seth 1968). The Sanctuary bears dry deciduous forest in the higher elevations to scrub forest in the plains. Major floristic components of the scrub forest are thorny species of Acacia, Zizyphus and Carissa, and non-thorny species of Cassia, Hardwickia and Anogeissus. The Red Sandal Pterocarpus santalinus, endemic to Andhra Pradesh, occurs here.
AVIFAUNA: Nearly 200 bird species are found in this Sanctuary (P. Jeganathan and A. R. Rahmani in prep.). The Critically Endangered Jerdon’s Courser was restricted to a small patch of scrub jungle within this Sanctuary. Recent studies reveal that this bird is found in three more localities within the Sanctuary (Jeganathan 2002). The Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary has been selected on the basis of presence of a single species. It is a Secondary Area where a single Restricted Range species is found (Stattersfield et al. 1998).
OTHER KEY FAUNA: Although the Sanctuary was declared with the sole purpose of protecting the habitat of the Jerdon’s Courser, many other species have benefited, perhaps more than the target species! Leopard Panthera pardus, Dhole or Indian Wild Dog Cuon alpinus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Chital Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Chinkara Gazella bennettii and Wild Boar Sus scrofa are seen in the forested areas. Even the Wolf Canis lupus has been sighted a couple of times since the year 2000 (P. Jeganathan pers. comm. 2001).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Jerdon's Courser Rhinoptilus bitorquatus||resident||2004||present||-||A1, A2||Critically Endangered|
|2003||low||not assessed||not assessed|
|Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data|
|Agriculture and aquaculture||annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||moderate to rapid deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target)||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Biological resource use||logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Energy production and mining||mining and quarrying||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||very rapid to severe deterioration||low|
|Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases||invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Natural system modifications||dams & water management/use - small dams||happening now||small area/few individuals (<10%)||slow but significant deterioration||low|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Sri Lankamalleswaram||Sanctuary||46,442||is identical to site||46,400|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: Panchapakesan Jeganathan.
Bhushan, B. (1986) Rediscovery of the Jerdon’s Courser Cursorius bitorquatus. J. Bombay. Nat. Hist. Soc. 83: 1-14.
Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A Revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Government of India Press, New Delhi.
Jeganathan, P. (2002) Red Data bird revisited: Jerdon’s Courser. World Birdwatch 24(4): 19-21.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. and Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World, Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7, BirdLife International, U.K.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sri Lankamalleswara Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/11/2015
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