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Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 12.00' East  18o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3
Area 13,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary is situated 120 km from Hyderabad by road. It is a mixed dry deciduous forest with patches of scrub and grassy banks. The terrain is undulating, with low hills and small waterbodies. Adjacent to the Sanctuary is the Pocharam Reservoir on River Manjira, about 70 km downstream from Manjira Wildlife Santuary (an IBA). The lake area has extensive marshy fringes and abundant aquatic vegetation typical of the region. The islands were originally wooded, but have recently been cleared. The surrounding area is mainly agricultural lands with scattered Acacia spp.

Key Biodiversity 

AVIFAUNA: More than 70 bird species are reported to be present in Pocharam (Forest Department records.) The lake is known to support a variety of both resident and migratory waterfowl. Large numbers of shorebirds are also present.

OTHER KEY FAUNA: The mammalian fauna in this site includes Leopard Panthera pardus, Sloth Bear Melursus ursinus, Wild Boar Sus scrofa, Chital Axis axis, Sambar Cervus unicolor, Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus, Hyena Hyaena hyaena and Golden Jackal Canis aureus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus non-breeding  2004  present  A1  Critically Endangered 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 

IBA Monitoring

2003 low not assessed not assessed
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Biological resource use logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Pocharam Sanctuary 13,000 is identical to site 13,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Forestry exploitation and agriculture
forestry -
Notes: Forestry exploitation and agriculture
water management -
Notes: Water supply for irrigation and domestic use

Acknowledgements Key contributor: IBA Team.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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