email a friend
printable version
Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 79o 59.10' East  13o 50.23' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 440 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society

Site description Nelapattu, named after village of the same name in Doravani Sathram Mandal of Nellore district, was notified as a bird sanctuary in 1976. The Sanctuary is divided into the following components: Kallur Reserve Forest Area (288.14 ha), Nelapattu Tank Area (82.56 ha) and Unreserved Forest Area (88.22 ha). The Sanctuary supports the largest pelicanry of Spot-billed or Grey Pelican Pelecanus philippensis in India. It is also a breeding site for the White or Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus, Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans, Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax, and Little Cormorant Phalacrocorax niger. It is a haven for a broad spectrum of bird species for both breeding and roosting. About 12 km from Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary lies village Vedurupattu, where hundreds of Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala breed (Philip et al. 1998). Both these sites can be considered as one IBA. The Sanctuary has Swamp Forests in the tank portion and Southern Dry Evergreen Scrub Forests in the Reserve and Unreserved Forest. The dominant species are Manilkara hexandra, Maba buxifolia and Buchanania angustifolia in the Reserve and Unreserved forests, and Barringtonia acutangula in the tank area.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis resident  2004  present  A1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Nellapattu Sanctuary 440 is identical to site 440  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest   -
Shrubland   -
Artificial - aquatic   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
forestry -
Notes: Forestry

Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. Kannan and V. Santharam.


Manakadan, R. and Kannan, V. (2003) A study of Spot Billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis in Southern India with special reference to its Conservation. Final Report. Bombay Natural History Society.

Philip, V. M., Rao, A. N. J. and Sridhar, B. N. (1998) Birding at Nelapattu and Vedurupattu Bird Refuges, Andhra Pradesh. Newsletter for Birdwatchers 38(1):1-3.

Santharam, V. (1993) Nelapattu – Time to sound the Alarm. Mayura 10: 34-35.

Sharma, P. K. and Raghavaiah, P. S. (2002) Effect of rainfall on Grey Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis) arriving and breeding at Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh. Indian Forester 10: 1101-1105.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary. Downloaded from on 02/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife