|Central coordinates||79o 19.00' East 16o 31.50' North|
|Altitude||100 - 917m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Rajiv Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary, formerly known as Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve spreads over five districts Nalgonda, Mahboobnagar, Kurnool, Prakasam and Guntur in Andhra Pradesh. The landscape is hilly and varies from plains to precipitous cliffs. The wildlife is generally confined to the plateaus during the monsoon and to the valleys in the summer. Perennial water sources are located in the valley, while the plateaus suffer from acute water scarcity in the summer. The River Krishna flows over a distance of 130 km through the Reserve. The multipurpose reservoirs, Srisailam and Nagarjunasagar, which are an important source of irrigation and power for Andhra Pradesh, are located within the Tiger Reserve. The area receives rainfall from both the southwest and northeast monsoons. The vegetation is essentially Southern Tropical Mixed Forests (Champion and Seth 1968). Important tree species are Tectona grandis, Terminalia tomentosa, Anogeissus latifolia, Butea frondosa, Pterocarpus marsupium, Hardwickia binata. In the scrub patches, Acacia arabica, Madhuca indica and Hardwickia binata stand over Calotropis gigantea, Zizyphus oenoplia, Grewia spp. and Cassia auriculata. Occasional clumps of bamboo are encountered on the hillsides and on the banks of forest streams. The invasive Lantana, Parthenium, Duranta and Strobilanthus grow profusely as weeds in this area (Rao et al. 1997).
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Vulture Gyps indicus||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Critically Endangered|
|Yellow-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus xantholaemus||unknown||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam||Sanctuary||356,809||is identical to site||356,809|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Conservation and Research|
|Notes: Dam: Irrigation and Power Supply|
Acknowledgements Key contributor: IBA Team.
Ali, S. (1933) The Hyderabad State Ornithological Survey. Part 1. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36(2): 356-390.
Ali, S. and Whistler, H. (1933a) The Hyderabad State Ornithological Survey. Part 2. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36(3): 707-725.
Ali, S. and Whistler, H. (1933b) The Hyderabad State Ornithological Survey. Part 3. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 36(4): 898-919.
Ali, S. and Whistler, H. (1934a) The Hyderabad State Ornithological Survey. Part 1. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 37(1): 124-142.
Ali, S. and Whistler, H. (1934b) The Hyderabad State Ornithological Survey. Part 2. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 37(2): 425-454.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia. The BirdLife International Red Data Book. Vol. 2 BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
BirdLife International (undated) Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in Asia: Project briefing book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K., unpublished.
Champion, H. G. and Seth, S. K. (1968) A revised Survey of the Forest Types of India. Govt. of India Publication, New Delhi.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent, Christopher Helm, London.
Rao, V. V., Nagulu, V., Anjaneyulu, M., Srinivasulu, B., Srinivasulu, C. and Rao, J. V. R. (1997) Status of Avifauna of Rajiv Gandhi National Park, Andhra Pradesh, India. Pavo 35 (1 & 2): 85 - 100.
Srinivasulu, C. and Rao, V. V. (2000) Occurrence of the Yellow-throated Bulbul Hypsipetes indicus (Jerdon) in the Nalamalla Hills, Andhra Pradesh. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 97(1): 144-145.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rajiv Ghandi Wildlife Sanctuary (Nagarjunasagar - Srisailam Tiger Reserve). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 16/03/2014
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