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Location India, Andhra Pradesh
Central coordinates 78o 2.37' East  17o 57.87' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii
Area 2,000 ha
Altitude 0
Year of IBA assessment 2004

Bombay Natural History Society



Site description Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary in Medak district, located 50 km northwest of Hyderabad, is recognized as an important wetland for migratory birds. The water body provides considerable ecological diversity to support a large population of wetland birds. The reservoir provides drinking water to Hyderabad and Secundrabad, hence water is always stored even during the dry season. The reservoir has several islands with extensive marshy fringes, which provide good nesting sites for waterbirds. Interestingly, Manjira was declared a sanctuary not for its large congregation of birds, but for its small population of the Mugger crocodile Crocodylus palustris (Vijaya Kumar and Choudhury 1994). An area of 2,800 ha between Singoor and Manjira Barrage was declared a crocodile sanctuary in June 1978 (Vijaya Kumar 1988-1992). In the mid 1980s, Manjira became known to bird watchers and an annual waterfowl count was initiated. The reservoir supports submergent and emergent vegetation. A narrow margin of Typha, Ipomoea and Acacia fringes the waterline, while agricultural fields surround the reservoir and the river (Vijaya Kumar and Choudhury 1994). The river does not flow through the forested area. In the dry savannah type vegetation, scattered Acacia, Prosopis, Tamarindus indicus and Azadirachta indica are seen. The reservoir has several islands with extensive marshy fringes.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea 2004  present  A4i  Least Concern 
Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus resident  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis breeding  2004  present  A1  Vulnerable 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds unknown  2004  20,000 individuals  unknown  A4iii   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Manjira Sanctuary 2,000 is identical to site 2,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland)   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
Notes: Agriculture
fisheries/aquaculture -
Notes: Fishing
nature conservation and research -
Notes: Nature conservation and research
water management -
Notes: Drinking water source

Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. Vijaya Kumar, Aasheesh Pittie and B. C. Choudhury.

References 

Vijaya Kumar, V. (1988-1992) Birds of Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary. Mayura 9: 12-16.

Vijaya Kumar, V. and Choudhury, B. C. (1989) Impact of habitat changes on the Wintering Demoiselle Cranes Anthropoides virgo in Manjira River, Medak district, Andhra Pradesh. Proceedings of the International Crane Congress, Rajkot.

Vijaya Kumar, V. and Choudhury, B. C. (1994) A report on waterfowl study in Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh, India and its implication in Long-Term Management of this Sanctuary. Pavo 32 (1 & 2): 47 - 57.

Vijaya Kumar, V. and Choudhury, B. C. (1995) Studies on Waterfowl of Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh. Mayura 12: 20-35.

Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 31/07/2014

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