|Location||India, Andhra Pradesh|
|Central coordinates||78o 2.37' East 17o 57.87' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary in Medak district, located 50 km northwest of Hyderabad, is recognized as an important wetland for migratory birds. The water body provides considerable ecological diversity to support a large population of wetland birds. The reservoir provides drinking water to Hyderabad and Secundrabad, hence water is always stored even during the dry season. The reservoir has several islands with extensive marshy fringes, which provide good nesting sites for waterbirds. Interestingly, Manjira was declared a sanctuary not for its large congregation of birds, but for its small population of the Mugger crocodile Crocodylus palustris (Vijaya Kumar and Choudhury 1994). An area of 2,800 ha between Singoor and Manjira Barrage was declared a crocodile sanctuary in June 1978 (Vijaya Kumar 1988-1992). In the mid 1980s, Manjira became known to bird watchers and an annual waterfowl count was initiated. The reservoir supports submergent and emergent vegetation. A narrow margin of Typha, Ipomoea and Acacia fringes the waterline, while agricultural fields surround the reservoir and the river (Vijaya Kumar and Choudhury 1994). The river does not flow through the forested area. In the dry savannah type vegetation, scattered Acacia, Prosopis, Tamarindus indicus and Azadirachta indica are seen. The reservoir has several islands with extensive marshy fringes.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Bar-headed Goose Anser indicus||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea||-||2004||present||-||A4i||Least Concern|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||resident||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Indian Skimmer Rynchops albicollis||breeding||2004||present||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||unknown||2004||20,000 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Manjira||Sanctuary||2,000||is identical to site||2,000|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Drinking water source|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: V. Vijaya Kumar, Aasheesh Pittie and B. C. Choudhury.
Vijaya Kumar, V. (1988-1992) Birds of Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary. Mayura 9: 12-16.
Vijaya Kumar, V. and Choudhury, B. C. (1989) Impact of habitat changes on the Wintering Demoiselle Cranes Anthropoides virgo in Manjira River, Medak district, Andhra Pradesh. Proceedings of the International Crane Congress, Rajkot.
Vijaya Kumar, V. and Choudhury, B. C. (1994) A report on waterfowl study in Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh, India and its implication in Long-Term Management of this Sanctuary. Pavo 32 (1 & 2): 47 - 57.
Vijaya Kumar, V. and Choudhury, B. C. (1995) Studies on Waterfowl of Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, Medak District, Andhra Pradesh. Mayura 12: 20-35.
Wetlands International (2002) Waterbirds Population Estimates: Third Edition. Wetlands International Global Series No. 12. Wageningen, The Netherlands.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/08/2014
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