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Location Spain, Aragón
Central coordinates 1o 30.00' West  40o 56.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4iii, A4iv, B1i, B1iv, B2, C1, C2, C3, C4, C5, C6
Area 30,280 ha
Altitude 1,000 - 1,057m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A large brackish lake with marsh vegetation in some places and many islets. The surrounding area is dominated by cereal fields.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Gadwall Mareca strepera winter  1992  1,017-3,800 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1992  8,318-35,600 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Pochard Aythya ferina winter  1992  22,392-79,200 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1995  8 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1995  52 breeding pairs  medium  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1995  20 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Near Threatened 
Common Coot Fulica atra winter  1992  12,241-40,900 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus passage  1996  26,975-54,114 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1994  4,098-7,748 individuals  good  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1992  100 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1992  70 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Sterna nilotica resident  1992  41 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida resident  1992  present  C6  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1996  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   
A4iii Species group - waterbirds winter  1992  100,000-499,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   
A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes passage  1996  26,975-54,114 individuals  good  A4iv, B1iv, C5   

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
BALSA GRANDE Y BALSA PEQUEÑA - ES2430108 Habitats Directive 16 protected area contained by site 16  
CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA - ES0000017 Birds Directive 15,494 protected area contained by site 15,494  
HOCES DE TORRALBA - RIO PIEDRA - ES2430109 Habitats Directive 2,970 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Laguna de Gallocanta National Game Reserve 6,720 protected area contained by site 6,720  
Laguna de Gallocanta Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 6,720 protected area contained by site 6,720  
LAGUNA DE GALLOCANTA - ES2430043 Habitats Directive 2,813 protected area contained by site 2,813  
LOS ROMERALES - CERROPOZUELO - ES2430106 Habitats Directive 7,899 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
MONTES DE LA CUENCA DE GALLOCANTA - ES2420111 Habitats Directive 5,317 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PARAMERAS DE BLANCAS - ES0000302 Birds Directive 4,029 protected area overlaps with site 584  
SIERRAS DE PARDOS Y SANTA CRUZ - ES2430107 Habitats Directive 5,672 protected area overlaps with site 914  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Grassland Humid grasslands; Mesophile grasslands  15%
Wetlands (inland) Standing brackish and salt water; Water fringe vegetation  15%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Ruderal land  70%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International Partial6,720 ha of IBA covered by Wild Fauna Reserve (Laguna de Gallocanta, 6,720 ha). 6,720 ha of IBA covered by Ramsar Site (Laguna de Gallocanta, 6,720 ha). 6,720 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Gallocanta, 6,720 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gallocanta lake. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 02/09/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife