|Central coordinates||93o 31.00' East 8o 12.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A2|
|Altitude||0 - 323m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2004|
Site description The Nicobar Islands can be divided into three distinct subgroups: the Great Nicobar subgroup, the Nancowry subgroup and the Car Nicobar subgroup. Tillanchong, Camorta, Katchal, Nancowry and Trinkat Islands lie in the Nancowry subgroup of islands, c. 58 km north of the Great Nicobar subgroup. This subgroup consists of 10 islands and smaller islets of which one island and two islets are uninhabited (Sankaran 1998). Of these, three islands are larger than 100 sq. km, two are 36 and 67 sq. km and three are less than 17 sq. km. Tillanchong is uninhabited and a wildlife Sanctuary (Sankaran 1995). The climate of these islands can be defined as humid, tropical coastal. The islands receive rainfall from both the southwest and northeast monsoon, with maximum precipitation between May and December, and the driest period between January and April (Sankaran 1995). The forest type of the Nicobar Islands can be broadly classified as Andaman Tropical Evergreen, Andaman Semi-Evergreen, Littoral Forest and Tidal Swamp Forest (Mangrove), the inland areas being either forested or grasslands, and a significant proportion of the coast being mangroves.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Nicobar Megapode Megapodius nicobariensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Vulnerable|
|Andaman Wood-pigeon Columba palumboides||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Andaman Cuckoo-dove Macropygia rufipennis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Andaman Hawk-owl Ninox affinis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Near Threatened|
|Nicobar Bulbul Hypsipetes nicobariensis||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A1, A2||Near Threatened|
|White-headed Starling Sturnus erythropygius||-||2004||present [units unknown]||-||A2||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Tillongchang Island||Sanctuary||3,643||is identical to site||1,683|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: Nature conservation and research|
|Notes: Tourism and recreation|
Acknowledgements Key contributors: Ravi Sankaran and K. Sivakumar.
Abdulali, H. (1964) The Birds of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 61(3): 483-571.
Abdulali, H. (1967) The Birds of the Nicobar Islands, with notes on some Andaman Birds. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 64(2): 139-190.
Ali, S. and Ripley, S. D. (1987) Compact Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan (Second Edition). Oxford University Press, Delhi.
Anonymous (2001) Reptile CAMP Handbook. Vol. I. Reptiles endemic to India. South Asian Reptile Network, Zoo Outreach Organization, Coimbatore.
BirdLife International (2001) Threatened Birds of Asia: BirdLife International Red Data Book. BirdLife International, Cambridge, U.K.
Das, P. K. (1971) New records of birds from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 68: 459-461.
Grimmett, R., Inskipp, C. and Inskipp, T. (1998) Birds of the Indian Subcontinent. Christopher Helm (Publishers) Ltd., London, U.K.
Inskipp, T., Lindsey, N. and Duckworth, W. (1996) An Annotated Checklist of the Birds of the Oriental Region. Oriental Bird Club, U.K.
Rasmussen, P. C. and Anderton, J. C. (in press) Birds of South Asia: the Ripley guide. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.
Sankaran, R. (1995) The Nicobar Megapode and other endemic Avifauna of the Nicobar Islands status and Conservation. SACON Technical Report 2, Salim Ali Center for Ornithology and Natural History, Coimbatore, India.
Sankaran, R. (1998) An Annotated checklist of the endemic avifauna of the Nicobar Islands. Forktail 13, 17-22.
Sivakumar, K. and Sankaran, R. (2002) New records of birds from the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Forktail 18: 149-150.
Stattersfield, A. J., Crosby, M. J., Long, A. J. Wege, D. C. (1998) Endemic Bird Areas of the World: Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation. BirdLife Conservation Series No. 7. BirdLife International, Cambridge.
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