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Location Gibraltar (to UK), Gibraltar
Central coordinates 5o 20.00' West  36o 4.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, A4iii, B1i, B1ii, C1, C2, C3, C4
Area 17,000 ha
Altitude
Year of IBA assessment 2007

Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society



Site description The Strait of Gibraltar is defined here as the sea area demarcated in the west by a straight line joining Cape Trafalgar on the European coast with Cape Spartel on the North African coast, and in the east by a straight line joining the Rock of Gibraltar on the European coast to Ceuta (enclave of Spain) on the North African coast. It includes international waters and waters under the jurisdiction of the United Kingdom, Spain and Morocco, and is 15 km wide at its narrowest point.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus passage  1,001-10,000 individuals  A1, A4ii, B1ii, C1, C2  Critically Endangered 
Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea passage  10,000-100,000 individuals  A4ii, B1ii, C2  Least Concern 
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis breeding  12,000 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Yellow-legged Gull Larus michahellis winter  1,001-10,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii passage  1,001-10,000 individuals  A1, A4i, B1i, C1, C2  Near Threatened 
Audouin's Gull Larus audouinii winter  51-100 individuals  A1, C1  Near Threatened 
Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus passage  1,001-10,000 individuals  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Razorbill Alca torda passage  1,001-10,000 individuals  A4ii, B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica passage  1,001-10,000 individuals  B1ii, C3  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds breeding  20,000-49,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   
A4iii Species group - seabirds passage  50,000-99,999 individuals  unknown  A4iii, C4   

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Sea Open Sea; Sea inlets and coastal features  100%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport -
tourism/recreation -
fisheries/aquaculture -

Protection status National Partial International None4,900 ha of IBA covered by Marine Reserve (4,900 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Strait of Gibraltar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 10/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife