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Location Spain, Cataluña
Central coordinates 0o 40.00' East  41o 30.00' North
IBA criteria B2, C2, C6
Area 18,000 ha
Altitude 100 - 352m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A steppe area in Cataluña comprising undulating plains with non-irrigated cereal cultivation, interspersed with garrigue-like low scrub and almond trees.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea resident  1996  35-40 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus resident  1996  4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1995  115-185 breeding pairs  good  C6  Near Threatened 
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1995  275-335 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata resident  1995  80-110 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus resident  1995  45 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster resident  1996  200 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor breeding  1995  10-15 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra resident  1995  4,500-6,300 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Dupont's Lark Chersophilus duponti resident  1995  44-53 breeding pairs  good  C6  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Mas de Melons Partial Nature Reserve 1,140 protected area contained by site 1,140  
Secans de Mas de Melons-Alfés - ES0000021 Birds Directive 6,423 protected area overlaps with site 5,332  
Secans del Segrià i Utxesa - ES5130038 Habitats Directive 3,793 protected area overlaps with site 1,264  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting -
military -
tourism/recreation -
water management -

Protection status National Low International Low1,140 ha of IBA covered by Natural Reserve (Mas de Melons, 1,140 ha). 1,140 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Mas de Melons, 1,140 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cogul-Alfés steppes. Downloaded from on 23/10/2014

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