|Central coordinates||50o 25.00' East 40o 0.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4i, A4iii, B1i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Ornithological information The IBA is notable for passage and wintering Pelecaniformes and Ciconiiformes. At least 20,000 ducks and 40,000 Fulica atra migrate through the area. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus (non-breeding: 2-4 winter in some years), Circus macrourus (3-4 winter).
Site description The site is the tip of the Absheron peninsula near Baku, formerly with sandy beaches, about a third of which was flooded as the level of the Caspian Sea rose during the 1980s. As a result of water level raising the tip of the spit got detached and form a long island named Suiti. The flooded area is now being colonized by reeds. All land-uses are prohibited.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus||winter||1996-2005||45-103 individuals||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna||winter||1996-2005||10-2,213 individuals||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Mallard Anas platyrhynchos||winter||1996-2005||1,150-23,000 individuals||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||winter||1996-2005||500-9,000 individuals||medium||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Pochard Aythya ferina||winter||1996-2005||2,000-5,600 individuals||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca||winter||1996-2005||22 individuals||medium||A1||Near Threatened|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||passage||-||10,000 individuals||-||B1i||Least Concern|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||winter||1996-2005||8,645-15,043 individuals||medium||B1i||Least Concern|
|Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmeus||winter||1996-2005||5-20 individuals||medium||A1||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||passage||1996-2005||200-30,000 individuals||poor||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||passage||1996-2005||4,600-40,000 individuals||medium||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans||breeding||1996-2004||3,000 breeding pairs||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|Sandwich Tern Sterna sandvicensis||breeding||1996-2004||2,000 breeding pairs||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Tern Sterna hirundo||breeding||1996-2004||6,000 breeding pairs||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||winter||1996-2005||-||unknown||A4iii|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||passage||1996-2005||-||unknown||A4iii|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||breeding||1996-2005||-||unknown||A4iii|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Absheron National Park||National Park||783||protected area contained by site||783|
Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.
|info avialable at AOS||2005|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Water fringe vegetation||-|
|Sea||Sea inlets and coastal features||60%|
|Coastline||Sand dunes & beaches||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: There is a military base close to the Nature Reserve gate.|
|nature conservation and research||90%|
|Notes: There is a State Nature Reserve (former Sanctuary) cover about 90% of this site. It is proposed to create a Natural Park on this territory.|
Other biodiversity One of most important place for the Caspian Seal Phoca caspica in Azerbaijan. It is possible to find 100-200 individuals of them in any season of the year.
Management considerations Although the whole site is protected as a Nature Reserve which is owned by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, some poaching is a threat as well as disturbance from fishers.
Protection status National High International NoneIBA is covered by Nature Reserve.
Conservation response 1. As a part of monitoring project was studied in 1996-1997 years by Azerbaijan Ornithological Society2. As a part of winter and autumn migration monitoring project of British Petroleum was studied in 2002-20053. As a part of student studies project some studies were conducted in November 2004 - March 2005.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Shahdidi spit. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/05/2013
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