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Location Spain, Aragón
Central coordinates 0o 10.00' West  42o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 95,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 2,077m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A massif at the southern edge of the Pyrenees with large limestone cliffs and deep gorges. There are extensive areas of scrub and grassland. Main human activities are livestock-farming, forestry, hunting, and recreation.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus resident  1996  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  30 breeding pairs  poor  B3, C6  Near Threatened 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1996  7 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1996  500 breeding pairs  medium  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1993  14-18 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  9 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciatus resident  1996  3-4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  16 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Endangered 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  200 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis resident  1996  50 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
GUARA NORTE - ES2410005 Habitats Directive 12,763 protected area contained by site 12,763  
SIERRA DE CANCIÁS - SILVES - ES0000286 Birds Directive 7,921 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Sierra y cañones de Guara Nature Park 81,350 protected area contained by site 81,350  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA - ES0000015 Birds Directive 81,350 protected area contained by site 81,350  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA - ES2410025 Habitats Directive 34,663 protected area contained by site 34,663  
SILVES - ES2410068 Habitats Directive 2,150 protected area overlaps with site 232  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  26%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
forestry -
hunting 26%
military -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International Partial81,350 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra y Cañones de Guara, 81,350 ha). 81,350 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra y Cañones de Guara, 81,350 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Guara mountain range. Downloaded from on 10/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife