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Location Spain, Aragón
Central coordinates 0o 10.00' West  42o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1iii, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 95,000 ha
Altitude 600 - 2,077m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A massif at the southern edge of the Pyrenees with large limestone cliffs and deep gorges. There are extensive areas of scrub and grassland. Main human activities are livestock-farming, forestry, hunting, and recreation.

Key Biodiversity This is a very important area for cliff-nesting and forest species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  15-20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  30 breeding pairs  poor  B3, C6  Near Threatened 
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1996  7 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Near Threatened 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  16 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1996  500 breeding pairs  medium  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus breeding  1993  14-18 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  9 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1996  3-4 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  200 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2  Least Concern 
Rufous-tailed Rock-thrush Monticola saxatilis resident  1996  50 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
GUARA NORTE - ES2410005 Habitats Directive 12,763 protected area contained by site 12,763  
SIERRA DE CANCIÁS - SILVES - ES0000286 Birds Directive 7,921 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Sierra y cañones de Guara Nature Park 81,350 protected area contained by site 81,350  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA - ES0000015 Birds Directive 81,350 protected area contained by site 81,350  
SIERRA Y CAÑONES DE GUARA - ES2410025 Habitats Directive 34,663 protected area contained by site 34,663  
SILVES - ES2410068 Habitats Directive 2,150 protected area overlaps with site 232  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Native coniferous woodland  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  26%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
forestry -
hunting 26%
military -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Partial International Partial81,350 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Sierra y Cañones de Guara, 81,350 ha). 81,350 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra y Cañones de Guara, 81,350 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Guara mountain range. Downloaded from on 30/01/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife