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Location Spain, Aragón
Central coordinates 0o 45.00' West  42o 30.00' North
IBA criteria B2, B3, C6
Area 22,400 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,769m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description The site comprises cliffs, large Pinus plantations and areas of scrub and maquis. The area is used for tourism, forestry and game hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for cliff-nesting and forest raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Bearded Vulture Gypaetus barbatus resident  1996  2 breeding pairs  good  B2  Near Threatened 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1994  25-30 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Near Threatened 
Black Woodpecker Dryocopus martius resident  1995  10 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1995  125 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
San Juan de la Pena Nature Area of National Interest 245 protected area contained by site 245  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 26%
hunting 26%
military -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National Low International None245 ha of IBA covered by Natural Site of National Interest (San Juan de la Peña, 245 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: San Juan de la Peña-Oroel crag. Downloaded from on 22/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife