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Location Azerbaijan, Karadag
Central coordinates 49o 30.00' East  40o 9.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, A4iii, B1i
Area 4,000 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2005

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description A bay in the Caspian Sea with sandy beaches and some small wetlands stretch along the sea coast, many of which are becoming overgrown with reeds and typical coastal vegetation. Part of the bay is rented by the Society of Hunters and Fishers. The semi-desert area is range on the west and include some arid hills - Bozdaglary. All this area has very dry climate.

Key Biodiversity The site is notable mostly for migration and wintering waterbirds. 177 species of birds were note at the place in different seasons. Most of birds are migratory visitors. Numbers of winter birds can reach 25,000 individuals. At least 20,000 diving ducks and 30,000 Fulica atra stage here every autumn. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus, Pelecanus crispus (very rare migrant), Branta ruficollis (extremely rare, not seen every year), Circus macrourus, Aquila clanga, A. heliaca (all raptors are rare migration visitors), Falco naumanni (1-2 pairs breed), Tetrax tetrax. Other passage visitors include Podiceps cristatus, Phalacrocorax carbo, Anser anser, Himantopus himantopus (200+), Chlidonias leucopterus, Sterna caspia and many others.

Non-bird biodiversity: The typical desert ephemeral plants are present at the site. There are some overgrows of reed along the sea coast. Some mammals like Lepus europeus, Canis lupus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes occur at the site.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus passage  1996-2005  1-1,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina passage  1996-2005  50-5,000 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula winter  1996-2005  1,000-24,500 individuals  good  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus passage  1996-2005  20-1,804 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus passage  200-300 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo passage  1996-2005  500-1,000 individuals  poor  B1i  Least Concern 
Common Coot Fulica atra passage  1996-2005  50-30,000 individuals  good  B1i  Least Concern 
A4iii Species group - waterbirds passage  1996  20,000-63,604 individuals  unknown  A4iii   


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Wetlands (inland) Water fringe vegetation  -
Coastline Sand dunes & beaches  -
Desert Semidesert  45%
Sea Sea inlets and coastal features  50%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
urban/industrial/transport 25%
Notes: Area are under strong human impact. There are Sangachal settlement, settlement of refugies, Sangachal oil terminal (BP), piers of terminal, terminal of "Azpetrol" company, big post of truck's custom etc.
hunting 3%
fisheries/aquaculture 40%
rangeland/pastureland 30%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sangachal Bay. Downloaded from on 24/10/2016

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