|Central coordinates||49o 30.00' East 40o 9.00' North|
|IBA criteria||A4i, A4iii, B1i|
|Year of IBA assessment||2005|
Site description A bay in the Caspian Sea with sandy beaches and some small wetlands stretch along the sea coast, many of which are becoming overgrown with reeds and typical coastal vegetation. Part of the bay is rented by the Society of Hunters and Fishers. The semi-desert area is range on the west and include some arid hills - Bozdaglary. All this area has very dry climate.
Key Biodiversity The site is notable mostly for migration and wintering waterbirds. 177 species of birds were note at the place in different seasons. Most of birds are migratory visitors. Numbers of winter birds can reach 25,000 individuals. At least 20,000 diving ducks and 30,000 Fulica atra stage here every autumn. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Phalacrocorax pygmeus, Pelecanus crispus (very rare migrant), Branta ruficollis (extremely rare, not seen every year), Circus macrourus, Aquila clanga, A. heliaca (all raptors are rare migration visitors), Falco naumanni (1-2 pairs breed), Tetrax tetrax. Other passage visitors include Podiceps cristatus, Phalacrocorax carbo, Anser anser, Himantopus himantopus (200+), Chlidonias leucopterus, Sterna caspia and many others.
Non-bird biodiversity: The typical desert ephemeral plants are present at the site. There are some overgrows of reed along the sea coast. Some mammals like Lepus europeus, Canis lupus, Canis aureus, Vulpes vulpes occur at the site.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus||passage||1996-2005||1-1,000 individuals||medium||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina||passage||1996-2005||50-5,000 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula||winter||1996-2005||1,000-24,500 individuals||good||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus||passage||1996-2005||20-1,804 individuals||good||B1i||Least Concern|
|Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus||passage||-||200-300 individuals||-||A4i, B1i||Least Concern|
|Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo||passage||1996-2005||500-1,000 individuals||poor||B1i||Least Concern|
|Common Coot Fulica atra||passage||1996-2005||50-30,000 individuals||good||B1i||Least Concern|
|A4iii Species group - waterbirds||passage||1996||20,000-63,604 individuals||unknown||A4iii|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Wetlands (inland)||Water fringe vegetation||-|
|Coastline||Sand dunes & beaches||-|
|Sea||Sea inlets and coastal features||50%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: Area are under strong human impact. There are Sangachal settlement, settlement of refugies, Sangachal oil terminal (BP), piers of terminal, terminal of "Azpetrol" company, big post of truck's custom etc.|
Protection status National None International None
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Sangachal Bay. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/08/2016
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