|Location||Spain, Castilla y León,La Rioja|
|Central coordinates||3o 0.00' West 42o 15.00' North|
|IBA criteria||B2, C6|
|Altitude||800 - 2,271m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Ornithological information This is an important area for species associated with upland forest and alpine grasslands.
Site description A mountainous area which comprises a large part of the Sistema Ibérico Norte. Much of area has been deforested and scrub and alpine grasslands predominate although in some areas there are extensive Quercus and Fagus woodlands. The area of Pinus plantations is increasing. Human activities include livestock-farming, game hunting and tourism and recreation.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Grey Partridge Perdix perdix||resident||1989||35-41 breeding pairs||good||C6||Least Concern|
|European Honey-buzzard Pernis apivorus||breeding||1995||min 15 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Short-toed Snake-eagle Circaetus gallicus||breeding||1995||20 breeding pairs||medium||B2, C6||Least Concern|
|Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus||breeding||1995||20 breeding pairs||medium||B2, C6||Least Concern|
|Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos||resident||1996||9 breeding pairs||medium||C6||Least Concern|
|Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus||breeding||1995||min 19 breeding pairs||medium||B2, C6||Least Concern|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Cameros||National Game Reserve||92,918||protected area overlaps with site||15,000|
|Demanda||National Game Reserve||73,819||protected area overlaps with site||35,000|
|RIBERAS DEL RÍO ARLANZA Y AFLUENTES - ES4120071||Habitats Directive||998||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|RIBERAS DEL RÍO ARLANZÓN Y AFLUENTES - ES4120072||Habitats Directive||973||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|RIBERAS DEL RÍO TIRÓN Y AFLUENTES - ES4120075||Habitats Directive||406||protected area overlaps with site||58|
|SIERRA DE LA DEMANDA - ES4120012||Birds Directive||50,908||protected area overlaps with site||38,143|
|SIERRA DE LA DEMANDA - ES4120092||Habitats Directive||70,692||protected area overlaps with site||46,698|
|SIERRAS DE DEMANDA, URBIÓN, CEBOLLERA Y CAMEROS - ES0000067||Birds Directive||138,679||protected area overlaps with site||56,508|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Treeline ecotone||35%|
|Grassland||Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands||25%|
|Wetlands (inland)||Rivers and streams||5%|
|Rocky areas||Scree & boulders||5%|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Arable land; Forestry plantations||35%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
Management considerations The site is threatened by poor forestry practice, particularly the creation of Pinus plantations and the indiscriminate logging of the Fagus forest. Hunting pressure is high. A dam project is planned within the IBA.
Protection status National Partial International Partial15,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Cameros, 92,918 ha). 35,000 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra de la Demanda, 73,819 ha). 58,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de la Demanda, 58,000 ha).
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: La Demanda mountains. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 19/06/2013
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