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Location Spain, Extremadura
Central coordinates 5o 15.00' West  38o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6
Area 82,500 ha
Altitude 375 - 938m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description An area of mountains and a river valley. The mountain slopes are dominated by sclerophyllous scrub. The river valley has large dehesas, and some grassland, arable cultivation and olive-groves. The main human activities are livestock-grazing and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important wintering area for Grus grus and breeding site for raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1997  9 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1997  9 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1997  8 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1995  2,361-6,000 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
EMBALSE DE LA SERENA - ES0000397 Birds Directive 15,889 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
LA SERENA - ES4310010 Habitats Directive 144,512 protected area overlaps with site 9,318  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS - ES0000367 Birds Directive 153,702 protected area overlaps with site 12,415  
RIO ORTIGA - ES4310064 Habitats Directive 1,053 protected area overlaps with site 114  
RIO ZUJAR - ES6130012 Habitats Directive 108 protected area overlaps with site 15  
SIERRA DE MORALEJA - ES4310040 Habitats Directive 596 protected area contained by site 596  
SIERRA DE MORALEJA Y PIEDRA SANTA - ES0000371 Birds Directive 2,911 protected area contained by site 2,911  
SIERRAS DE ALMADÉN-CHILLÓN-GUADALMEZ - ES0000155 Birds Directive 7,508 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
SIERRAS DE ALMADÉN-CHILLÓN-GUADALMEZ - ES4220015 Habitats Directive 6,612 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
SIERRAS DE PEÑALSORDO Y CAPILLA - ES0000335 Birds Directive 4,545 protected area contained by site 4,545  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland   26%
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Puerto de Mejoral-Almorchón-Cabeza del Buey. Downloaded from on 04/05/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife