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Location Azerbaijan, Karadag
Central coordinates 49o 30.00' East  39o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A4i, B1i, B2
Area 250 ha
Year of IBA assessment 2000

Azerbaijan Ornithological Society (Partner Designate)

Site description The Pirsagat islands (six main limestone ones and many smaller rocks) form part of the Baku archipelago (which also includes the volcanic Los island) and extend as a chain from the Cape of Pirsagat into the Caspian Sea. They are rented by the Hunters' Society of Azerbaijan. There was formerly oil-drilling on Los island.

Key Biodiversity A total of about 5,500-6,000 pairs of seabird breed; 4,000+ on Pelikanyi, 1,000+ on Baburyi, 300 on Los. Gulls in 1989 included 28 pairs of Larus melanocephalus (the only colony in the Caspian Sea) and other breeding terns in the same year were Gelochelidon nilotica (75 pairs; first recorded breeding in Azerbaijan), Sterna hirundo (1,000+ pairs) and S. albifrons (25 pairs). Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Branta ruficollis (vagrant, probably a common migrant formerly).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus winter  500-1,000 individuals  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola breeding  1989  80-90 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i, B2  Least Concern 
Slender-billed Gull Larus genei breeding  1989  550 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 
Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis breeding  1989  4,000 breeding pairs  A4i, B1i  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Coastline Rock stacks and islets  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
hunting -
urban/industrial/transport -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pirsagat Islands and Los Island. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

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