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Location Spain, Extremadura
Central coordinates 6o 45.00' West  39o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 295,000 ha
Altitude 270 - 703m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A large mountainous area on the border with Portugal. The site contains well-preserved Mediterranean vegetation, with Quercus woodland, dehesas, grassland, scrub and maquis. The main human activities are livestock-farming, game hunting and cork harvesting (`Other' land-use).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1996  100 individuals  poor  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  9 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis breeding  1994  1,100 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, C3  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1996  50 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1995  168 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1995  20 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1995  50 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciatus resident  1995  10 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  40 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  21 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1996  150 breeding pairs  poor  A1, B2, C1, C2  Vulnerable 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1995  25 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
ARROYO DEL LUGAR - ES4320046 Habitats Directive 355 protected area overlaps with site 173  
CEDILLO Y RIO TAJO INTERNACIONAL - ES4320002 Habitats Directive 13,263 protected area overlaps with site 1,189  
COLONIAS DE CERNICALO PRIMILLA DE ALBURQUERQUE - ES0000430 Birds Directive 42 protected area contained by site 42  
COLONIAS DE CERNICALO PRIMILLA DE SAN VICENTE DE ALCANTARA - ES0000424 Birds Directive 3 protected area contained by site 3  
CORREDOR DEL LACARA - ES4310048 Habitats Directive 551 protected area overlaps with site 474  
EMBALSE DE CORNALVO Y SIERRA BERMEJA - ES0000069 Birds Directive 13,143 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
EMBALSE DE HORNO-TEJERO - ES0000396 Birds Directive 265 protected area contained by site 265  
LLANOS DE CÁCERES Y SIERRA DE FUENTES - ES0000071 Birds Directive 70,022 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
NACIMIENTO DEL RIO GEVORA - ES0000407 Birds Directive 20,024 protected area contained by site 20,024  
RIO ALJUCEN BAJO - ES4310017 Habitats Directive 402 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIO GEVORA ALTO - ES4310022 Habitats Directive 2,721 protected area overlaps with site 2,377  
RIO SALOR - ES4320030 Habitats Directive 391 protected area overlaps with site 59  
RIO TAJO INTERNACIONAL Y RIBEROS - ES0000368 Birds Directive 20,271 protected area overlaps with site 1,817  
RIVERA DE AURELA - ES4320073 Habitats Directive 497 protected area overlaps with site 294  
RIVERA DE MEMBRIO - ES4320074 Habitats Directive 436 protected area overlaps with site 185  
RIVERAS DE CARBAJO Y CALATRUCHA - ES4320075 Habitats Directive 372 protected area overlaps with site 19  
RIVERAS DE LOS MOLINOS Y LA TORRE - ES4320033 Habitats Directive 307 protected area overlaps with site 137  
SIERRA DE SAN PEDRO - ES0000070 Birds Directive 115,032 protected area contained by site 115,032  

Local conservation groups The local conservation groups below are working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
FUNDACIÓN CB HABITAT (MMA) 0
ADENEX 0
CES 0
MUNDOBRIGA 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  -
Shrubland   -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
hunting -
other -

Protection status National None International Partial83,217 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierra de San Pedro, 83,217 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: San Pedro mountain range. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 11/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife