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Location Spain, Extremadura
Central coordinates 6o 10.00' West  39o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 103,000 ha
Altitude 270 - 644m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description The site includes an area of undulating plains dissected by steep-sided rivers. The main vegetation-types are dry grassland, garrigue, arable cultivation and patches of dehesa. The main human activities include livestock-farming, arable agriculture and game hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for steppic birds, also passage Ciconia nigra and wintering Grus grus. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila adalberti (resident).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1996  250 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1992  220 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1996  450 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1996  140 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus winter  1996  500 individuals  medium  A4ii, B1iii, C2  Near Threatened 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1996  25 breeding pairs  poor  B2  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1996  1,300 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1996  3,000 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1996  900-2,200 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1996  220 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida resident  1996  60 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C6  Least Concern 
European Roller Coracias garrulus breeding  1996  150 breeding pairs  poor  B2, C2, C6  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2008 very high favourable low
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) moderate to rapid deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors flight paths likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel 640 640 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Circus pygargus Montagu's Harrier 100 100 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Otis tarda Great Bustard 900 900 individuals 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
COLONIAS DE CERNICALO PRIMILLA DE LA CIUDAD MONUMENTAL DE CACERES - ES0000422 Birds Directive 16 protected area contained by site 16  
EMBALSE DE ALDEA DEL CANO - ES0000416 Birds Directive 109 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
LLANOS DE CÁCERES Y SIERRA DE FUENTES - ES0000071 Birds Directive 70,022 protected area contained by site 70,022  
MAGASCA - ES0000425 Birds Directive 10,846 protected area overlaps with site 4,030  
RIBEROS DEL ALMONTE - ES0000356 Birds Directive 8,363 protected area overlaps with site 1,803  
RIO ALMONTE - ES4320018 Habitats Directive 8,730 protected area overlaps with site 2,025  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
ADENEX 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  -
Shrubland   26%
Grassland   26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting -

Protection status National None International Partial48,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Llanos de Cáceres y Sierra de Fuentes, 48,000 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Plain between Cáceres and Trujillo-Aldea del Cano. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife