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Location Spain, Extremadura
Central coordinates 5o 10.00' West  39o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 32,000 ha
Altitude 350 - 850m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A reservoir on the River Guadiana surrounded by Quercus woodland, sclerophyllous scrub and Pinus plantations. In the mountainous part of the site there are dehesas and areas of pasture. The main human activities are livestock-farming, hunting and forestry.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors and wintering Grus grus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1992  25-40 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  6-7 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  30 breeding pairs  good  B3  Near Threatened 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  38 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1996  25 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1995  2 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1995  800-1,400 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
EMBALSE DE ORELLANA Y SIERRA DE PELA - ES0000068 Birds Directive 42,610 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
LA SERENA - ES4310010 Habitats Directive 144,512 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
LA SERENA Y SIERRAS PERIFÉRICAS - ES0000367 Birds Directive 153,702 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PUERTO PEÑA - LOS GOLONDRINOS - ES4310009 Birds Directive 33,404 protected area overlaps with site 6,713  
RIO GUADALEMAR - ES4310023 Habitats Directive 338 protected area overlaps with site 21  
RIO GUADALUPEJO - ES4320070 Habitats Directive 484 protected area overlaps with site 103  
RIO RUECAS ALTO - ES4320029 Habitats Directive 700 protected area overlaps with site 69  
SIERRA DE ESCORIAL - ES4310036 Habitats Directive 667 protected area overlaps with site 120  
SIERRA DE LAS VILLUERCAS Y VALLE DEL GUADARRANQUE - ES4320039 Birds Directive 76,336 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
SIERRA DE VILLARES - BALBUENO - ES4310043 Habitats Directive 1,342 protected area contained by site 1,342  
TUNEL DE CAÑAMERO - ES4320080 Habitats Directive 2 protected area contained by site 2  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
hunting 90%
forestry 10%
water management -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros. Downloaded from on 03/05/2015

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