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Location Spain, Extremadura
Central coordinates 5o 10.00' West  39o 15.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 32,000 ha
Altitude 350 - 850m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A reservoir on the River Guadiana surrounded by Quercus woodland, sclerophyllous scrub and Pinus plantations. In the mountainous part of the site there are dehesas and areas of pasture. The main human activities are livestock-farming, hunting and forestry.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors and wintering Grus grus.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1992  25-40 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  6-7 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  30 breeding pairs  good  B3  Near Threatened 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  38 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1996  25 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1995  2 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1  Vulnerable 
Common Crane Grus grus winter  1995  800-1,400 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
hunting 90%
forestry 10%
water management -

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Puerto Peña reservoir-Valdecaballeros. Downloaded from on 28/11/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife