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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha,Extremadura
Central coordinates 4o 50.00' West  39o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 73,500 ha
Altitude 350 - 877m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A reservoir on the River Guadiana surrounded by areas of sclerophyllous scrub, Quercus woodland, Pinus plantations, dehesas, pasture and non-irrigated arable cultivation.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors and Ciconia nigra.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  4 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1992  14 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1995  5 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1995  7 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cijara National Game Reserve 24,999 protected area contained by site 24,999  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National Partial International None24,999 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Cijara, 24,999 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Cijara reservoir. Downloaded from on 30/11/2015

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