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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha,Extremadura
Central coordinates 4o 50.00' West  39o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 73,500 ha
Altitude 350 - 877m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A reservoir on the River Guadiana surrounded by areas of sclerophyllous scrub, Quercus woodland, Pinus plantations, dehesas, pasture and non-irrigated arable cultivation.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors and Ciconia nigra.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  4 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1992  14 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1995  5 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1995  7 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
ALCORNOCAL DE ZUMAJO - ES4220017 Habitats Directive 3,181 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Cijara National Game Reserve 24,999 protected area contained by site 24,999  
ESTENA - ES4310008 Habitats Directive 8,095 protected area contained by site 8,095  
MONTES DE TOLEDO - ES0000093 Birds Directive 218,013 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
MONTES DE TOLEDO - ES4250005 Habitats Directive 218,003 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PUERTO PEÑA - LOS GOLONDRINOS - ES4310009 Birds Directive 33,404 protected area overlaps with site 12,188  
RIO GUADALEMAR - ES4310023 Habitats Directive 338 protected area overlaps with site 30  
RÍOS DE LA CUENCA MEDIA DEL GUADIANA Y LADERAS VERTIENTES - ES4220003 Habitats Directive 23,484 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National Partial International None24,999 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Cijara, 24,999 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cijara reservoir. Downloaded from on 27/04/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife