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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha,Extremadura
Central coordinates 4o 50.00' West  39o 20.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 73,500 ha
Altitude 350 - 877m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A reservoir on the River Guadiana surrounded by areas of sclerophyllous scrub, Quercus woodland, Pinus plantations, dehesas, pasture and non-irrigated arable cultivation.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  4 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1992  14 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  10-12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1995  5 breeding pairs  good  B2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1995  7 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Near Threatened 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
ALCORNOCAL DE ZUMAJO - ES4220017 Habitats Directive 3,181 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Cijara National Game Reserve 24,999 protected area contained by site 24,999  
ESTENA - ES4310008 Habitats Directive 8,095 protected area contained by site 8,095  
MONTES DE TOLEDO - ES0000093 Birds Directive 218,013 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
MONTES DE TOLEDO - ES4250005 Habitats Directive 218,003 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PUERTO PEÑA - LOS GOLONDRINOS - ES4310009 Birds Directive 33,404 protected area overlaps with site 12,188  
RIO GUADALEMAR - ES4310023 Habitats Directive 338 protected area overlaps with site 30  
RÍOS DE LA CUENCA MEDIA DEL GUADIANA Y LADERAS VERTIENTES - ES4220003 Habitats Directive 23,484 protected area is adjacent to site 0  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National Partial International None24,999 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Cijara, 24,999 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Cijara reservoir. Downloaded from on 21/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife