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Location Spain, Extremadura
Central coordinates 5o 25.00' West  39o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 216,230 ha
Altitude 350 - 1,443m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountainous area with dense oak Quercus forest, Castanea sativa woodland, Pinus plantations and extensive areas of scrub. Around villages there are arable fields, olive-groves, grasslands and dehesas.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding raptors and Ciconia nigra.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  20 breeding pairs  good  B1i, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1992  min 30 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  38 breeding pairs  good  B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  146 breeding pairs  good  B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1995  15 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1995  6 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  19 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1992  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1995  21 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Las Villuercas mountain range. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife