email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 4o 20.00' West  39o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A3, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 324,500 ha
Altitude 600 - 1,447m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description In the mountains the vegetation comprises large expanses of sclerophyllous scrub, areas of dense maquis, and small Quercus woodlands. In the plains there are extensive dehesas and grasslands.

Key Biodiversity Breeding birds include four of the 20 species in Europe that are restricted to the Mediterranean biome (when breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1995  4 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black Stork Ciconia nigra passage  1994  100 individuals  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1995  126 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1995  10-12 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1992  20 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1995  35 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Spectacled Warbler Sylvia conspicillata resident  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Sardinian Warbler Sylvia melanocephala resident  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 
Subalpine Warbler Sylvia cantillans breeding  1996  common  A3  Least Concern 
Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe hispanica breeding  1996  abundant  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2008 high not assessed low
  unset
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution domestic and urban waste water happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Aquila chrysaetos Golden Eagle 20 15 breeding pairs 75 near favourable
Aquila adalberti Spanish Imperial Eagle 12 25 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cabañeros National Park (State Network) 40,000 protected area contained by site 40,000  
ESTENA - ES4310008 Habitats Directive 8,095 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
LAGUNAS DE ALCOBA Y HORCAJO DE LOS MONTES - ES4220020 Habitats Directive 20 protected area contained by site 20  
MONTES DE TOLEDO - ES0000093 Birds Directive 218,013 protected area overlaps with site 170,895  
MONTES DE TOLEDO - ES4250005 Habitats Directive 218,003 protected area overlaps with site 170,895  
RÍOS DE LA CUENCA MEDIA DEL GUADIANA Y LADERAS VERTIENTES - ES4220003 Habitats Directive 23,484 protected area overlaps with site 4,587  
RÍOS DE LA MARGEN IZQUIERDA DEL TAJO Y BERROCALES DEL TAJO - ES4250013 Habitats Directive 13,473 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland  26%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  26%
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting 26%
nature conservation and research 26%

Protection status National Partial International Partial40,000 ha of IBA covered by National Park (Cabañeros, 40,000 ha). 117,191 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Cabañeros, 117,191 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Toledo mountains-Cabañeros. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife