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Location Spain, Andalucía,Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 4o 30.00' West  38o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 226,300 ha
Altitude 400 - 1,323m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description The site consists of a wide valley dominated by pastures, some dehesas and a mountainous area with cliffs, scrub and maquis. Human activities include agriculture, livestock-grazing, lead mining and game hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for upland birds, particularly raptors, and steppic species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1996  8 breeding pairs  poor  B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1996  80 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1996  min 100 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus resident  1992  5 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1996  20 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1996  6 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Vulnerable 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  10-13 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciata resident  1996  10-13 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland  26%
Shrubland Heathland; Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  26%
Grassland Dry siliceous grassland  26%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Water fringe vegetation  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
forestry -
hunting 26%
urban/industrial/transport -

Protection status National None International Partial68,528 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Umbría del Valle de Alcudia, 97,528 ha). 5,122 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Sierras de Almadén-Chillôn-Guadalmez, 5,122 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Alcudia valley and mountain range. Downloaded from on 26/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife