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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 3o 30.00' West  39o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C3, C6
Area 128,000 ha
Altitude 700 - 877m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A cultivated area with seasonal saline lagoons.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for breeding steppic species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina winter  1997  274 individuals  good  B1i, C3  Least Concern 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala winter  1997  9 individuals  good  B1i, C2  Endangered 
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala breeding  1995  16-29 breeding pairs  good  A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6  Endangered 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1995  707-1,205 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1995  1,800 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Sterna nilotica breeding  1995  293-308 breeding pairs  good  A4i, B1i, B2, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata resident  1995  600 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis resident  1995  40 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams; Standing brackish and salt water; Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  95%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 95%

Protection status National None International Partial48,900 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (área Esteparia de la Mancha Norte, 97,973 ha). 1,156 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Humedales de la Mancha, 11,520 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Tembleque-La Guardia plains. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife