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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha,Murcia
Central coordinates 1o 20.00' West  38o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 75,800 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description An undulating plain dominated by arable agriculture with scrub, grassland and small areas of Pinus woodland and endorreic lagoons.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for steppic birds and breeding waders.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1994  176 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1993  1,800 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1992  188 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1992  62 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis resident  1996  150 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National None International Partial12,707 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (área Esteparia del Este de Albalete, 14,257 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla. Downloaded from on 27/11/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife