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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha,Murcia
Central coordinates 1o 20.00' West  38o 45.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 75,800 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,000m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description An undulating plain dominated by arable agriculture with scrub, grassland and small areas of Pinus woodland and endorreic lagoons.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1994  176 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1993  1,800 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B2, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1992  188 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2, C6  Not Recognised 
Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta breeding  1992  62 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Black-bellied Sandgrouse Pterocles orientalis resident  1996  150 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
AREA ESTEPARIA DEL ESTE DE ALBACETE - ES0000153 Birds Directive 25,757 protected area overlaps with site 21,530  
ESTEPAS DE YECLA - ES0000196 Birds Directive 4,290 protected area contained by site 4,290  
LAGUNAS SALADAS DE PETROLA Y SALOBREJO Y COMPLEJO LAGUNAR DE CORRAL RUBIO - ES4210004 Habitats Directive 2,416 protected area overlaps with site 2,013  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting 26%

Protection status National None International Partial12,707 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (área Esteparia del Este de Albalete, 14,257 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Pétrola-Almansa-Yecla. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/08/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife