email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 2o 0.00' West  40o 25.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 102,000 ha
Altitude 1,200 - 1,600m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description Flat-topped mountains to the north of Cuenca. The landscape is dominated by cliffs and gorges and the vegetation cover is almost completely Pinus forest. The main human activities are forestry, livestock-farming and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for cliff-nesting raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1995  17 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  13 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  224 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  12 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1995  148 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Serranía de Cuenca National Game Reserve 25,724 protected area contained by site 25,724  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  70%
Shrubland Scrub  25%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Ruderal land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry 10%
hunting 26%

Protection status National Partial International Partial25,724 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Serrania de Cuenca, 25,724 ha). 70,590 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area, 128,345 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Cuenca mountain ranges. Downloaded from on 21/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife