|Location||Gibraltar (to UK), Gibraltar|
|Central coordinates||5o 20.75' West 36o 8.50' North|
|IBA criteria||A1, A4iv, B1iv, B2, C1, C5|
|Altitude||0 - 396m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2000|
Ornithological information Gibraltar is a well-known migratory bottleneck site for birds of prey, with an estimated 250,000 raptors crossing the Strait in a season. If the winds are right then most of these pass over Gibraltar, and numbers may in fact be higher. It is also a stop-over site for passerines and near-passerines, with a rapid turnover of birds on passage during both northward and southward migration.
Site description The Rock of Gibraltar is dominated by a dense cover of maquis and garrigue, including many important fruit-bearing shrubs that support large passerine populations on passage and during the winter.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Barbary Partridge Alectoris barbara||resident||1967-1998||50-75 breeding pairs||-||B2||Least Concern|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||breeding||1967-1998||4-10 breeding pairs||-||A1, C1||Least Concern|
|Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni||passage||1967-1998||11-100 individuals||-||A1, C1||Least Concern|
|A4iv Species group - soaring birds/cranes||passage||1967-1998||250,000 individuals||-||A4iv, B1iv, C5|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Shrubland||Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis||40%|
|Coastline||Rock stacks and islets; Sea cliffs and rocky shores||20%|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Other urban and industrial areas||40%|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||8%|
Management considerations A number of military sites are designated as conservation areas. 197 ha of the Rock of Gibraltar are proposed as a SPA under the EC Birds Directive, and as a SAC under the EC Habitats Directive.
Protection status National Low International None45 ha of IBA covered by Nature Reserve (Upper Rock, 45 ha).
Related state of the world's birds case studies
Contribute Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.
Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Rock of Gibraltar. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 23/05/2013
To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife