email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 2o 15.00' West  40o 48.00' North
IBA criteria A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 157,000 ha
Altitude 800 - 1,744m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A limestone canyon along the upper reaches of the Rivers Tajo and Tajuña. Vegetation includes Pinus forest, garrigue and grassland areas.

Key Biodiversity The site is important for cliff-nesting raptors.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1995  35 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1995  27 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  525 breeding pairs  good  A4ii, B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1995  21 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1995  288-293 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
ALTO TAJO - ES0000092 Birds Directive 191,255 protected area overlaps with site 108,380  
ALTO TAJO - ES4240016 Habitats Directive 140,068 protected area overlaps with site 85,099  
ALTO TAJO Y MUELA DE SAN JUAN - ES2420139 Habitats Directive 6,883 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
CUEVA DE LA CANALEJA - ES4240013 Habitats Directive 163 protected area contained by site 163  
MONTES DE PICAZA - ES4240020 Habitats Directive 15,103 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
MONTES UNIVERSALES - SIERRA DEL TREMEDAL - ES0000309 Birds Directive 32,098 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
PARAMERAS DE MARANCHON, HOZ DEL MESA Y ARAGONCILLO - ES0000094 Birds Directive 46,301 protected area overlaps with site 5,807  
PARAMERAS DE MARANCHON, HOZ DEL MESA Y ARAGONCILLO - ES4240017 Habitats Directive 49,442 protected area overlaps with site 9,104  
SERRANIA DE CUENCA - ES0000162 Birds Directive 192,461 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
SERRANIA DE CUENCA - ES4230014 Habitats Directive 185,318 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
VALDECABRIEL - LAS TEJERAS - ES2420138 Habitats Directive 11,897 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
VALLE DEL TAJUÑA EN TORRECUADRADA - ES0000392 Birds Directive 2,827 protected area contained by site 2,827  
VALLE DEL TAJUÑA EN TORRECUADRADA - ES4240015 Habitats Directive 2,825 protected area contained by site 2,825  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Native coniferous woodland  26%
Shrubland Scrub  -
Grassland   -
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  26%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
tourism/recreation -

Protection status National None International Partial87,269 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Alto Tajo, 125,988 ha). 8,900 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Parameras de Maranchón, 44,819 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Upper sections of the rivers Tajo and Tajuña. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife