email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha
Central coordinates 4o 33.00' West  38o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 102,000 ha
Altitude 638 - 996m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description An undulating area with scrub surrounded by intensive cereal cultivation, olive-groves and vineyards.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for steppic species.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1995  269-300 breeding pairs  good  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1996  100 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax resident  1996  300 breeding pairs  good  A1, C1  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high not assessed low
unset
-

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - nomadic grazing happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Climate change and severe weather temperature extremes happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining oil and gas drilling past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance war, civil unrest and military exercises happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Invasive and other problematic species and genes problematic native species/diseases - unspecified species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - abstraction of ground water (unknown use) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications other ecosystem modifications happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species fishing & harvesting aquatic resources - unintentional effects: large scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species gathering terrestrial plants - unintentional effects (species being assessed is not the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - unintentional effects (species is not the target) happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: large scale past (and unlikely to return) and no longer limiting some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration low
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution air-borne pollutants - smog happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - thermal pollution likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in long term (beyond 4 years) small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors flight paths happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Falco naumanni Lesser Kestrel 300 200 breeding pairs 67 unfavourable
Tetrax tetrax Little Bustard 300 500 males only 100 favourable

Some of site covered (10-49%)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
CAMPO DE CALATRAVA - ES0000157 Birds Directive 8,978 protected area contained by site 8,978  
LAGUNAS VOLCÁNICAS DEL CAMPO DE CALATRAVA - ES4220005 Habitats Directive 1,862 protected area overlaps with site 455  
RÍOS DE LA CUENCA MEDIA DEL GUADIANA Y LADERAS VERTIENTES - ES4220003 Habitats Directive 23,484 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland   40%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  60%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting -

Protection status National None International Low6,545 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Campo de Calatrava, 6,545 ha).

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Campo de Calatrava. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife