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Location Spain, Comunidad de Madrid
Central coordinates 3o 31.00' West  40o 10.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i, B1i, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 25,000 ha
Altitude 560 - 695m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description The site includes sections of the Rivers Jarama and Manzanares to the south-east of Madrid. Patches of riverine forest remain and the site includes a number of small lakes, the result of gravel extraction. The main human activities are arable cultivation and livestock-farming.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for species associated with riverine habitats and also for migrant passerines. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Tetrax tetrax (resident).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1994  164 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Ixobrychus minutus breeding  1996  5-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Black-crowned Night-heron Nycticorax nycticorax breeding  1994  60 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Purple Heron Ardea purpurea breeding  1994  5 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1995  38-47 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  10 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1996  3 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Milvus migrans breeding  1996  50 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1996  25-35 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Vulnerable 
Purple Swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio resident  1996  5-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
Himantopus himantopus breeding  1996  76-85 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Himantopus himantopus passage  1996  1,500 individuals  medium  A4i, B1i, C2  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  8-10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Least Concern 
European Bee-eater Merops apiaster breeding  1996  230 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax resident  1996  250-300 breeding pairs  good  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Sureste Regional Park 31,550 protected area contains site 25,000  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Treeline ecotone  -
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  -
Grassland Steppes and dry calcareous grassland  -
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater; Water fringe vegetation  26%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  26%
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Other urban and industrial areas; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Ruderal land  26%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 26%
hunting 26%
military -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
urban/industrial/transport 26%
water management -

Protection status National High International High25,000 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (Sureste, 31,550 ha). 25,000 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Cortados y cantiles de los ríos Manzanares y Jaram, 29,205 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Cortados del Jarama. Downloaded from on 28/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife