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Location Spain, Castilla-La Mancha,Comunidad de Madrid
Central coordinates 3o 25.00' West  40o 40.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B2, B3, C1, C2, C6
Area 52,000 ha
Altitude 750 - 833m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description An area of plains and low hills with extensive cereal cultivation and small patches of scrub.

Key Biodiversity An important site for steppic species and for foraging and dispersing raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus (non-breeding) and Aquila adalberti (non-breeding).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1996  44 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni breeding  1995  74-78 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C6  Least Concern 
Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus breeding  1996  118 breeding pairs  good  B3, C6  Least Concern 
Circus cyaneus breeding  1996  21 breeding pairs  good  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Western Marsh-harrier Circus aeruginosus breeding  1996  6-7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Great Bustard Otis tarda resident  1996  484 breeding pairs  good  A1, B2, C1, C2, C6  Vulnerable 
Little Bustard Tetrax tetrax breeding  1990  300 breeding pairs  medium  A1, C1, C6  Near Threatened 
Burhinus oedicnemus resident  1992  80 breeding pairs  poor  C6  Not Recognised 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high near favourable low
Population
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - shifting agriculture happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - agro-industry grazing, ranching or farmin happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Agricultural expansion and intensification livestock farming and ranching (includes forest grazing) - small-holder grazing, ranching or farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Climate change and severe weather drought happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution excess energy - light pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution excess energy - noise pollution happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines happening now whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high

Otis tarda Great Bustard 484 408 breeding pairs 85 near favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cuencas de los r Habitats Directive 36,088 protected area overlaps with site 32,126  
ESTEPAS CEREALISTAS DE LA CAMPIÑA - ES0000167 Birds Directive 2,497 protected area contained by site 2,497  
Estepas cerealistas de los r Birds Directive 33,110 protected area contained by site 33,110  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved evergreen woodland  5%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis  10%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land  85%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 80%
hunting 100%
urban/industrial/transport 5%

Protection status National None International Partial33,200 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Estepas cerealistas de los ríos Jarama y Henares, 33,520 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Talamanca-Camarma. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 20/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife