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Location Spain, Comunidad de Madrid
Central coordinates 3o 52.00' West  40o 50.00' North
IBA criteria A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 55,000 ha
Altitude 850 - 2,428m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description This site includes the southern slopes of the Guadarrama mountain range. The main vegetation-types are Quercus and Pinus woodland, degraded scrub and above 1,800 m alpine grassland.

Key Biodiversity An important area for forest raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila adalberti (resident).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
White Stork Ciconia ciconia breeding  1992  35-38 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  5-7 breeding pairs  good  C6  Not Recognised 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus resident  1995  32-35 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1996  35-40 breeding pairs  medium  A1, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  5-6 breeding pairs  good  C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Cuenca Alta del Manzanares Regional Park 46,323 protected area overlaps with site 8,000  
Cuenca Alta del Río Manzanares UNESCO-MAB Biosphere Reserve 101,300 protected area overlaps with site 8,000  
Cumbre, circo y lagunas de Peñalara Nature Park 768 protected area contained by site 768  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Native coniferous woodland  68%
Shrubland Sclerophyllous scrub, garrigue and maquis; Scrub  10%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  15%
Wetlands (inland) Standing freshwater  10%
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  15%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  30%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 50%
forestry 80%
hunting 5%
nature conservation and research 55%
water management 8%

Protection status National Partial International Partial8,000 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Cuenca Alta del Rio Manzanares, 46,323 ha). 14,745 ha of IBA covered by Natural Park (Cumbre, Circo y Lagunas de Peñalara, 768 ha). 8,000 ha of IBA covered by Biosphere Reserve (Cuenca Alta del Rio Manzanares, 101,300 ha). 5,500 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Alto Lozoya, 5,500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Alto Lozoya-La Pedriza. Downloaded from on 23/10/2016

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife