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Location Spain, Castilla y León,Extremadura
Central coordinates 4o 55.00' West  40o 20.00' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 173,600 ha
Altitude 400 - 2,592m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A mountain range in the Sistema Central. The dominant vegetation-types are Quercus woodland, Pinus plantations, Genista and Cytisus scrub, and alpine grassland. Human activities include forestry, cattle-grazing in summer pastures, hunting and tourism.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1996  5 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Black Kite Milvus migrans breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  50 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Near Threatened 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1996  1 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Vulnerable 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  25-30 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1996  65 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
CANDELARIO - ES4150006 Birds Directive 7,067 protected area overlaps with site 6,642  
CANDELARIO - ES4150101 Habitats Directive 8,193 protected area overlaps with site 6,740  
GRANADILLA - ES4320013 Habitats Directive 24,430 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Gredos National Game Reserve 22,815 protected area contained by site 22,815  
PINAR DE HOYOCASERO - ES4110020 Habitats Directive 431 protected area overlaps with site 393  
RIBERAS DEL RÍO ALBERCHE Y AFLUENTES - ES4110078 Habitats Directive 651 protected area overlaps with site 86  
RIBERAS DEL RÍO TORMES Y AFLUENTES - ES4150085 Habitats Directive 1,834 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIO TIETAR - ES4320031 Habitats Directive 6,227 protected area overlaps with site 359  
RIO Y PINARES DEL TIETAR - ES0000427 Birds Directive 9,888 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
Sierra de Gredos Regional Park 86,236 protected area overlaps with site 87,500  
SIERRA DE GREDOS - ES4110002 Birds Directive 86,398 protected area contained by site 86,398  
SIERRA DE GREDOS Y VALLE DEL JERTE - ES4320038 Habitats Directive 74,269 protected area overlaps with site 46,774  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR - ES0000184 Birds Directive 64,377 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
VALLE DEL TIÉTAR - ES4110115 Habitats Directive 63,355 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  40%
Shrubland Scrub  40%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  15%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 26%
hunting 26%
water management -

Protection status National Partial International None87,500 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (Sierra de Gredos, 87,717 ha). 22,815 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra de Gredos, 22,815 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/07/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife