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Location Spain, Castilla y León,Extremadura
Central coordinates 4o 55.00' West  40o 20.00' North
IBA criteria B1i, B2, B3, C2, C6
Area 173,600 ha
Altitude 400 - 2,592m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A mountain range in the Sistema Central. The dominant vegetation-types are Quercus woodland, Pinus plantations, Genista and Cytisus scrub, and alpine grassland. Human activities include forestry, cattle-grazing in summer pastures, hunting and tourism.

Key Biodiversity This is an important area for forest- and cliff-nesting raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aegypius monachus (3 resident pairs).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1996  5 breeding pairs  medium  B1i, C2  Least Concern 
Red Kite Milvus milvus resident  1996  50 breeding pairs  medium  B3, C6  Near Threatened 
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti resident  1996  1 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Vulnerable 
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos resident  1996  25-30 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus breeding  1996  65 breeding pairs  medium  B2  Least Concern 
Milvus migrans breeding  1996  100 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Not Recognised 
Eurasian Eagle-owl Bubo bubo resident  1996  25 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high not assessed low
  unset
Good - based on reliable and complete / representative data

Agriculture and aquaculture annual & perennial non-timber crops - agro-industry farming happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Biological resource use hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - persecution/control happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Invasive & other problematic species, genes & diseases invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - named species happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution agricultural & forestry effluents - herbicides and pesticides happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high

Little/none of site covered (<10%)  A management plan exists but it is out of date or not comprehensive  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Gredos National Game Reserve 22,815 protected area contained by site 22,815  
Sierra de Gredos Regional Park 86,236 protected area overlaps with site 87,500  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Alluvial and very wet forest; Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  40%
Shrubland Scrub  40%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  15%
Wetlands (inland) Raised bogs; Rivers and streams; Standing freshwater  -
Rocky areas Scree & boulders  -
Artificial - terrestrial Arable land; Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Perennial crops, orchards and groves  5%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 26%
hunting 26%
water management -

Protection status National Partial International None87,500 ha of IBA covered by Regional Park (Sierra de Gredos, 87,717 ha). 22,815 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Sierra de Gredos, 22,815 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Gredos and Candelario mountain ranges. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 29/05/2015

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife