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Location Spain, Castilla y León,Extremadura
Central coordinates 6o 10.00' West  40o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4ii, B1i, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6
Area 65,500 ha
Altitude 650 - 1,730m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A mountainous area with slopes covered by Quercus and Castanea woodland, Cytisus scrub and a few Pinus plantations. The main human activities are forestry, game hunting and tourism.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for breeding forest raptors. Species of global conservation concern that do not meet IBA criteria: Aquila adalberti (resident).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Black Stork Ciconia nigra breeding  1996  6-7 breeding pairs  good  B1i, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  10 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus resident  1996  45-50 breeding pairs  medium  A1, A4ii, B1iii, B2, C1, C2, C6  Near Threatened 

IBA Monitoring

2007 high favourable low
Population
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Climate change and severe weather habitat shifting and alteration happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Geological events avalanches/landslides likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) very rapid to severe deterioration medium
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Natural system modifications fire & fire suppression - increase in fire frequency/intensity likely in short term (within 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution domestic & urban waste water - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low

Ciconia nigra Black Stork 6 6 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Falco peregrinus 10 10 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Aegypius monachus Cinereous Vulture 45 45 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management plan exists but the management planning process has begun  Some limited conservation initiatives are in place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
EMBALSE GABRIEL Y GALAN - ES0000421 Birds Directive 8,402 protected area overlaps with site 3,613  
GRANADILLA - ES4320013 Habitats Directive 24,430 protected area overlaps with site 3,621  
HURDES - ES0000355 Birds Directive 26,982 protected area overlaps with site 13,514  
Las Batuecas National Game Reserve 20,976 protected area contained by site 20,976  
LAS BATUECAS-SIERRA DE FRANCIA - ES4150005 Birds Directive 30,183 protected area overlaps with site 25,550  
LAS BATUECAS-SIERRA DE FRANCIA - ES4150107 Habitats Directive 31,802 protected area overlaps with site 27,045  
LAS HURDES - ES4320011 Habitats Directive 23,887 protected area overlaps with site 13,495  
QUILAMAS - ES4150039 Birds Directive 10,263 protected area overlaps with site 8,322  
QUILAMAS - ES4150108 Habitats Directive 10,651 protected area overlaps with site 8,662  
RIBERAS DE LOS RÍOS HUEBRA, YELTES, UCES Y AFLUENTES - ES4150064 Habitats Directive 4,743 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIBERAS DEL RÍO AGADÓN - ES4150125 Habitats Directive 87 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
RIBERAS DEL RÍO ALAGÓN Y AFLUENTES - ES4150121 Habitats Directive 1,721 protected area overlaps with site 254  
RÍO ALAGÓN - ES0000219 Birds Directive 2,147 protected area overlaps with site 252  
SIERRAS DE RISCO VIEJO - ES4320047 Habitats Directive 13,830 protected area is adjacent to site 0  
VALLE DEL CUERPO DE HOMBRE - ES4150126 Habitats Directive 6,549 protected area is adjacent to site 0  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Broadleaved evergreen woodland; Mixed woodland  -
Shrubland Scrub  25%
Wetlands (inland) Rivers and streams  -
Rocky areas Inland cliffs; Scree & boulders  3%
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations  70%

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
forestry 70%
agriculture -
hunting -

Protection status National Partial International Partial20,976 ha of IBA covered by National Game Reserve (Las Batuecas, 20,976 ha). 2,200 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Arca-Buitrera, 2,200 ha). 21,500 ha of IBA covered by Special Protection Area (Las Batuecas, 21,500 ha).

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Peña de Francia. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/12/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife