email a friend
printable version
Location Spain, Castilla y León,País Vasco
Central coordinates 3o 4.00' West  43o 1.00' North
IBA criteria B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 260 - 1,187m
Year of IBA assessment 2000

SEO/BirdLife



Site description A mountain range with cliffs, large expanses of scrub and grassland, a few Fagus and Quercus woodlands and Pinus plantations. The area is used for livestock-farming and hunting.

Key Biodiversity This is an important site for cliff-nesting birds.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  6 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1992  5-7 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus breeding  1997  85-110 breeding pairs  medium  B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax breeding  1997  400-550 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2007 very high near favourable low
  Population
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification wood and pulp plantations (includes afforestation) - small-holder plantations likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Energy production and mining mining and quarrying likely in long term (beyond 4 years) majority/most of area/population (50-90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high
Energy production and mining renewable energy likely in short term (within 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration very high
Human intrusions and disturbance recreational activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Human intrusions and disturbance work and other activities happening now majority/most of area/population (50-90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now whole area/population (>90%) slow but significant deterioration high
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development tourism and recreation areas likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors roads and railroads likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Transportation and service corridors utility & service lines likely in long term (beyond 4 years) some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium

Falco peregrinus 6 5 breeding pairs 84 near favourable
Neophron percnopterus Egyptian Vulture 5 5 breeding pairs 100 favourable
Gyps fulvus Griffon Vulture 110 150 breeding pairs 100 favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arkamo-Gibijo-Arrastaria - ES2110004 Habitats Directive 11,538 protected area overlaps with site 1,190  
BOSQUES DEL VALLE DE MENA - ES4120049 Habitats Directive 6,481 protected area overlaps with site 2,475  
MONTE SANTIAGO - ES4120028 Birds Directive 2,537 protected area overlaps with site 1,734  
Salvada Mendilerroa / Sierra Salvada - ES0000244 Birds Directive 3,837 protected area contained by site 3,837  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Mendiko Lagunak, de Amurrio 0

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  40%
Shrubland Heathland  20%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  20%
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Ruderal land  15%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 50%
forestry 25%
hunting 80%
tourism/recreation 20%

Protection status National None International None

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range). Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 27/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife