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Location Spain, Castilla y León,País Vasco
Central coordinates 3o 4.00' West  43o 1.00' North
IBA criteria B1iii, B2, C2, C6
Area 20,000 ha
Altitude 260 - 1,187m
Year of IBA assessment 2000


Site description A mountain range with cliffs, large expanses of scrub and grassland, a few Fagus and Quercus woodlands and Pinus plantations. The area is used for livestock-farming and hunting.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Falco peregrinus resident  1996  6 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Not Recognised 
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus breeding  1992  5-7 breeding pairs  medium  C6  Endangered 
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus breeding  1997  85-110 breeding pairs  medium  B1iii, B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 
Red-billed Chough Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax breeding  1997  400-550 breeding pairs  medium  B2, C2, C6  Least Concern 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Arkamo-Gibijo-Arrastaria - ES2110004 Habitats Directive 11,538 protected area overlaps with site 1,190  
BOSQUES DEL VALLE DE MENA - ES4120049 Habitats Directive 6,481 protected area overlaps with site 2,475  
MONTE SANTIAGO - ES4120028 Birds Directive 2,537 protected area overlaps with site 1,734  
Salvada Mendilerroa / Sierra Salvada - ES0000244 Birds Directive 3,837 protected area contained by site 3,837  

Local conservation groups The local conservation group below is working to support conservation at this IBA.

Name Year formed
Mendiko Lagunak, de Amurrio 0


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Broadleaved deciduous woodland; Mixed woodland; Native coniferous woodland  40%
Shrubland Heathland  20%
Grassland Alpine, subalpine and boreal grassland; Humid grasslands  20%
Caves and subterranean habitats (non-aquatic) Caves  -
Artificial - terrestrial Forestry plantations; Highly improved re-seeded landscapes; Ruderal land  15%
Rocky areas Inland cliffs  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture 50%
forestry 25%
hunting 80%
tourism/recreation 20%

Protection status National None International None

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: La Losa-Orduña (Salvada mountain range). Downloaded from on 21/10/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife