email a friend
printable version
Location Cambodia, Kandal
Central coordinates 105o 2.00' East  11o 37.00' North
IBA criteria A1
Area 11,286 ha
Altitude 4 - 17m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)

Site description The IBA comprises Boeung Veal Samnap, a permanent lake located to the east of Phnom Penh. The areas surrounding the lake become inundated when the Mekong River floods during the wet season, and thus support extensive marshes, bordered by rice cultivation. The vegetation of the marshes comprises various grasses and sedges, while other emergent species and rafts of floating vegetation cover extensive areas of the lake, there are also small areas of swamp forest trees. A number of large waterbirds regularly occur at the IBA in the wet season, including small numbers of Spot-billed Pelican (Pelecanus philippensis). In 2000 a colony of Darter (Anhinga melanogaster) was discovered in the IBA.

Key Biodiversity on 29 September 2002 74 Asian Openbills were recorded.

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis non-breeding  2002  common  A1  Near Threatened 
Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus breeding  2002  common  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 high near favourable negligible
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species direct mortality of trigger species - hunting and trapping happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Residential and commercial development commercial and industrial development likely in long term (beyond 4 years) whole area/population (>90%) very rapid to severe deterioration high

Wetlands (inland) Freshwater lakes and pools  0 0 good (> 90%) moderate (70-90%) near favourable

Unknown  No management planning has taken place  Very little or no conservation action taking place  negligible 


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Shrubland Secondary scrub  -
Wetlands (inland) Ephemeral wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Permanent swamps; Rivers and streams  -
Artificial - terrestrial Abandoned farmland, disturbed ground; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
urban/industrial/transport -
Notes: small settlements

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Cambodia: key sites for conservation (Seng Kim Hout 2003)

References Document nameDuckworth, J. W. and Hedges, S. 1998. Bird records from Cambodia in 1997, including records of sixteen species new for the country. Forktail 14: 29-36.Edwards, P.J. (1996) Cambodia wetlands ornithological survey. Xenus Ecology. Newmarket, UK.Edwards, P.J. (1996) Recent waterbird surveys in Cambodia. Forktail 15: 29-42.Goes, F. (1999) Les marais de la plaine des quatre bras. Cambodia Bird News 3: 44-51.Goes, F. (ed.) (2000) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 6: 44-51Goes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2001) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 8: 44-51Mundkur, T., Carr, P., Sun Hean and Chhim Somean 1995. Surveys for large waterbirds in Cambodia. March - April 1994. Cambridge, UK: IUCN/SSC..Scott, D. A.. (1992) Survey of Cambodian wetlands, 26 November to 5 December 1992. Unpubl.Seng Kim Hout et al. (September 2002). Short visit to Boeung Veal Samnap. Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia. Unpublished.

Contribute  Please click here to help BirdLife conserve the world's birds - your data for this IBA and others are vital for helping protect the environment.

Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Boeung Veal Samnap. Downloaded from on 21/11/2014

To provide new information to update this factsheet or to correct any errors, please email BirdLife