|Central coordinates||103o 51.00' East 10o 37.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 153m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Site description The IBA comprises the estuary of the Kampong Smach River, which flows into the Gulf of Thailand to the west of Bokor National Park. At the mouth of the river there are extensive mangroves and intertidal mudflats, while, upriver, there are stands of Melaleuca and Nypa. The mangrove along the western side of the estuary has been significantly reduced by land reclamation and conversion to rice agriculture but that on the eastern side is in a better condition, with stands of mature mangrove. The IBA is an important site for migratory waterbirds, including Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus. In addition, the IBA supports a number of large waterbirds during the non-breeding season, including Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus, Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala, Milky Stork M. cinerea and Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis. Most signficantly, there is a record of 22 Greater Adjutant L. dubius from 1994, although there have been no subsequent records, and the species may not regularly occur in significant numbers.
Key Biodiversity A large numbers of redshank and greenshank, and smaller numbers of Egret sp. And Pond Heros were found feeding as well as 42 Great Crested Terns roosting on a mudflat.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Greater Adjutant Leptoptilos dubius||non-breeding||1998||rare||-||A1||Endangered|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||non-breeding||1998||rare||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea||non-breeding||1998||rare||-||A1||Endangered|
|Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis||non-breeding||1998||rare||-||A1||Near Threatened|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Preah Monivong||National Park||142,317||protected area is adjacent to site||0|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Mangrove forest (tropical)||-|
|Artificial - terrestrial||Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|Notes: small settlements|
Protection status Adjacent to Bokor National Park
References Document nameEdwards, P.J. (1996) Cambodia wetlands ornithological survey. Xenus Ecology. Newmarket, UK.Edwards, P.J. (1996) Recent waterbird surveys in Cambodia. Forktail 15: 29-42.Goes, F. Tan, S. and Ros, B. (1998) Preliminary bird survey for cluster of three National Parks in southern Cambodia. European Commission Support Program to the Environmental Sector in Cambodia (SPEC). Phnom Penh.Mundkur, T., Carr, P., Sun Hean and Chhim Somean (1995) Surveys for large waterbirds in Cambodia. March - April 1994. Cambridge, UK: IUCN/SSC.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Stung Kampong Smach. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 30/07/2016
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