Sites - Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs)
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Cambodia, Kampong Speu,Koh Kong
103o 57.00' East 11o 18.00' North
360 - 943m
Year of IBA assessment
BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)
Site description The IBA comprises of Kirirom National Park, together with a contiguous area of natural habitat to the west. The topography of the national park is dominated by a low massif, which rises sharply from the surrounding, densely populated lowlands to 900 m asl. The most extensive vegetation type within the national park is natural coniferous forest dominated by Pinus merkusii and with an open, grassy understorey, which is distributed on an undulating plateau, at approximately 700 m asl. The national park also supports semi-evergreen forest, and, at lower elevations, mixed deciduous forest and deciduous dipterocarp forest. There are many small streams within the national park and several artificial lakes but no major rivers. The contiguous area of natural habitat to the west of the national park is within a forest concession, under the management of Samling International. This area comprises extensive semi-evergreen forest with smaller patches of coniferous forest, distributed on a series of steep hills, which rise to over 800 m asl. The area is drained by a number of small streams, which feed two larger rivers. As a result of habitat degradation and unsustainable hunting pressure, the avifauna of the IBA is less intact than that of a number of other sites in the Elephant and Cardamom Mountains. However, the IBA is the only site in Cambodia from where there are records of Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli. In addition, Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis occurs along the rivers in the area to the west of the national park, and there are unconfirmed records of Chestnut-headed Partridge Arborophila cambodiana.
Key Biodiversity Eight Woodpecker species and two nuthatch species are found together in the pure pine forest. Wreathed Hornbill occurs in the important flocks outside the breeding season and the first record for the country of the GNT Brown Hornbill.
ReferencesDocument nameGoes, F. (ed.) (2000) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 4: 34-38Akers, P. (2000). Bird surveys in Cambodia January-March 2000. Unpublished RSPB sabbatical report. Sandy, UK.Goes, F. Tan, S. and Ros, B. (1998) Preliminary bird survey for cluster of three National Parks in southern Cambodia. European Commission Support Program to the Environmental Sector in Cambodia (SPEC). Phnom Penh.Kong Kim Sreng and Tan Setha (2002) A wildlife survey of Kirirom National Park, Cambodia. Wildlife Conservation Society, Phnom Penh.Thomas, W.W. 1964. A preliminary list of the birds of Cambodia. Unpubl.Tan Setha and Pich Bunnat (2001) Recent information on the status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia. PP. 39-44 in McGowan, P. (ed.) Galliformes 2000: Proceedings of the 2nd International Galliformes Symposium. World Pheasant Association, Reading, UK.Poole, C. M. (1999) Little known oriental bird: Chestnut-headed Partridge Arborophila cambodiana. Bull. Oriental Bird Club 30: 46-50.
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BirdLife International (2015) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Kirirom. Downloaded from
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