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Location Cambodia, Kampong Speu,Koh Kong
Central coordinates 103o 57.00' East  11o 18.00' North
IBA criteria A3
Area 52,783 ha
Altitude 360 - 943m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (Country programme)



Site description The IBA comprises of Kirirom National Park, together with a contiguous area of natural habitat to the west. The topography of the national park is dominated by a low massif, which rises sharply from the surrounding, densely populated lowlands to 900 m asl. The most extensive vegetation type within the national park is natural coniferous forest dominated by Pinus merkusii and with an open, grassy understorey, which is distributed on an undulating plateau, at approximately 700 m asl. The national park also supports semi-evergreen forest, and, at lower elevations, mixed deciduous forest and deciduous dipterocarp forest. There are many small streams within the national park and several artificial lakes but no major rivers. The contiguous area of natural habitat to the west of the national park is within a forest concession, under the management of Samling International. This area comprises extensive semi-evergreen forest with smaller patches of coniferous forest, distributed on a series of steep hills, which rise to over 800 m asl. The area is drained by a number of small streams, which feed two larger rivers. As a result of habitat degradation and unsustainable hunting pressure, the avifauna of the IBA is less intact than that of a number of other sites in the Elephant and Cardamom Mountains. However, the IBA is the only site in Cambodia from where there are records of Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus tickelli. In addition, Lesser Fish Eagle Ichthyophaga humilis occurs along the rivers in the area to the west of the national park, and there are unconfirmed records of Chestnut-headed Partridge Arborophila cambodiana.

Key Biodiversity Eight Woodpecker species and two nuthatch species are found together in the pure pine forest. Wreathed Hornbill occurs in the important flocks outside the breeding season and the first record for the country of the GNT Brown Hornbill.

Non-bird biodiversity: Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis), Bear Macaque (Macaca arctoides), Pig-tailed Macaque (Macaca nemestrina), Silvered Langur (Semnopithecus cristatus), Pileated Gibbon (Hylobates pileatus), Slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang).Elongated Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata).Black Pine (Pinus merkusiiAsian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Gaur (Bos gaurus), Southern Serow (Naemorhedus sumatraensis).

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Lineated Barbet Psilopogon lineatus unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Green-eared Barbet Psilopogon faiostrictus unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Moustached Barbet Psilopogon incognitus unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Silver Pheasant Lophura nycthemera unknown  2002  uncommon  A3  Least Concern 
Rufous-winged Buzzard Butastur liventer unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Blossom-headed Parakeet Psittacula roseata unknown  2002  uncommon  A3  Near Threatened 
Austen's Brown Hornbill Anorrhinus austeni resident  2002  rare  A3  Near Threatened 
Black-and-buff Woodpecker Meiglyptes jugularis unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Common Woodshrike Tephrodornis pondicerianus unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown-rumped Minivet Pericrocotus cantonensis unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Burmese Shrike Lanius collurioides breeding  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Brown Prinia Prinia polychroa unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Sooty-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus aurigaster unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Grey-eyed Bulbul Iole propinqua unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Asian Black Bulbul Hypsipetes leucocephalus unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush Garrulax monileger unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 
Golden-crested Myna Ampeliceps coronatus unknown  2002  rare  A3  Least Concern 
Black-collared Starling Sturnus nigricollis unknown  2002  unknown  A3  Least Concern 

IBA Monitoring

2009 medium unfavourable low
  Habitat
Medium - based upon reliable but incomplete / partially representative data

Agricultural expansion and intensification annual & perennial non-timber crops - small-holder farming happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) slow but significant deterioration low
Invasive and other problematic species and genes invasive non-native/alien species/diseases - unspecified species happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low
Natural system modifications dams & water management/use - small dams happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species hunting & collecting terrestrial animals - intentional use (species being assessed is the target) happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Over-exploitation, persecution and control of species logging & wood harvesting - unintentional effects: subsistence/small scale happening now some of area/population (10-49%) slow but significant deterioration medium
Pollution garbage & solid waste happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest   0 0 moderate (70-90%) moderate (70-90%) unfavourable

Whole area of site (>90%) covered by appropriate conservation designation  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Kirirom National Park 28,375 protected area overlaps with site 21,000  

Habitats

IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Dry deciduous forest (tropical); Hill evergreen forest (subtropical); Lowland evergreen rain forest (tropical); Pine forest (subtropical)  -
Shrubland Secondary scrub  -
Wetlands (inland) Artificial wetlands; Freshwater lakes and pools; Rivers and streams  -
Artificial - terrestrial Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Small settlements, rural gardens  -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
forestry -
nature conservation and research -
tourism/recreation -
other -
Notes: small settlements

Protection status Overlaps with Kirirom National Park

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Cambodia: key sites for conservation (Seng Kim Hout 2003)

References Document nameGoes, F. (ed.) (2000) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 4: 34-38Akers, P. (2000). Bird surveys in Cambodia January-March 2000. Unpublished RSPB sabbatical report. Sandy, UK.Goes, F. Tan, S. and Ros, B. (1998) Preliminary bird survey for cluster of three National Parks in southern Cambodia. European Commission Support Program to the Environmental Sector in Cambodia (SPEC). Phnom Penh.Kong Kim Sreng and Tan Setha (2002) A wildlife survey of Kirirom National Park, Cambodia. Wildlife Conservation Society, Phnom Penh.Thomas, W.W. 1964. A preliminary list of the birds of Cambodia. Unpubl.Tan Setha and Pich Bunnat (2001) Recent information on the status and conservation of Galliformes in Cambodia. PP. 39-44 in McGowan, P. (ed.) Galliformes 2000: Proceedings of the 2nd International Galliformes Symposium. World Pheasant Association, Reading, UK.Poole, C. M. (1999) Little known oriental bird: Chestnut-headed Partridge Arborophila cambodiana. Bull. Oriental Bird Club 30: 46-50.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2014) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Kirirom. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 21/12/2014

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