|Location||Cambodia, Koh Kong|
|Central coordinates||103o 41.00' East 11o 6.00' North|
|Altitude||0 - 16m|
|Year of IBA assessment||2003|
Ornithological information The site holds the Globally threatened species such as Sarus Crane (Grus antigone), Milky Stork (Mycteria cinerea), Painted Stork (Myctetria leucocephala) and Lesser Adjutant (Leptoptilos javanicus). During the survey on 29-30 May 2002, 23 Woolly-necked Storks were observed feeding where Prang villagers reported to have Sarus Cranes from 4-10 birds coming every year to feed in cultivated area (UTM: 0357181-1229107) located in the northeast of Prang village about 500m. Sarus Cranes reportedly present in this area from February to early May.
Site description The IBA is comprised of the estuary of the Sre Ambel River, and the associated wetland habitats. The vegetation of the IBA comprises an area of intertidal mudflats and mangrove, backed by an extensive area of Melaleuca swamp, which contains numerous small wetlands. Although the IBA has received little recent ornithological study, a range of large waterbirds in small numbers, including Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea, Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala, Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus, Black-necked Stork Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus. Perhaps most notably, the IBA supports a small non-breeding population of Sarus Crane Grus antigone. In addition, there are historical records of both Giant and White-shouldered Ibises Pseudibis gigantea and P. davisoni from what is believed to be the general vicinity of the IBA, although there are no recent records. The IBA is included within Dong Peng Multiple Use Area, designated under the 1993 Royal Decree on Protected Areas.
|Species||Season||Period||Population estimate||Quality of estimate||IBA Criteria||IUCN Category|
|Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea||non-breeding||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus||non-breeding||2002||rare [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Sarus Crane Grus antigone||non-breeding||2002||unknown [units unknown]||-||A1||Vulnerable|
|Protected area||Designation||Area (ha)||Relationship with IBA||Overlap with IBA (ha)|
|Dong Peng||Multiple Use Management Area||28,968||protected area overlaps with site||7,200|
|IUCN habitat||Habitat detail||Extent (% of site)|
|Forest||Mangrove forest (tropical)||-|
|Wetlands (inland)||Estuarine waters; Intertidal mud, sand or salt flats; Riverine floodplains; Rivers and streams; Saline lakes||-|
|Artificial landscapes (terrestrial)||Abandoned farmland, disturbed ground; Perennial crops, orchards and groves; Rice paddies; Small settlements, rural gardens||-|
|Land-use||Extent (% of site)|
|nature conservation and research||-|
|Notes: small settlements|
Other biodiversity Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis).River Terrapin (Batagur baska).
Management considerations Perhaps the major threat to biodiversity at the IBA is conversion of natural habitat to agriculture. Significant parts of the Melaleuca swamp have already been converted to agriculture, and the wetlands within the swamp appear to be a particular focus for conversion. This is a particular threat to Sarus Crane, which is dependent upon seasonally inundated grasslands. In addition, cutting of Melaleuca, and, to a lesser (nonetheless significant) extent, mangrove, is taking place for pole and charcoal production.
Protection status Overlaps with Dong Peng Multiple Use Area
Conservation response Recommendations Further surveys need to be carried out focusing on identifying important sites for large waterbirds within the remaining areas of lowland coastal forest (mangrove, melaleuca) and wetlands.- Patrolling should be initiated within the Dong Peng Multiple Use Area to control illegal cutting and clearance of mangrove and melaleuca and hunting of large waterbirds.- An assessment should be carried out of the feasibility of including large waterbird conservation in the current initiative (education, awareness and enforcement) to protect Estuarine Terrapins (Batagur baska).
References Document nameGoes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2001) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 8: 44-51Goes, F. and Davidson, P. (eds.) (2002) Recent Sightings. Cambodia Bird News 9: 47-59.Edwards, P.J. (1996) Cambodia wetlands ornithological survey. Xenus Ecology. Newmarket, UK.Mundkur, T., Carr, P., Sun Hean and Chhim Somean 1995. Surveys for large waterbirds in Cambodia. March - April 1994. Cambridge, UK: IUCN/SSC.Seng Kim Hout, Tan Setha, Pech Bunnat and Song Chansocheat (2001) Survey of waterbirds and shorebirds at Kampong Saom Bay from 13-18/12/2001. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.Seng Kim Hout et al. (2002) Survey of waterbirds around Prang village. Unpublished report, Wildlife Conservation Society, Cambodia.Williamson, W. J. F. (1921) The Giant Ibis (Thaumatibis gigantea) in Cambodia. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 4: 196.BirdLife International (2001) Threatened bird of Asia: the BirdLife International Red Data Book.Draft final report (June 1994). A report on surveys of large waterbirds in Cambodia. Asian Wetland Bureau and Wildlife Protection Office, Forestry Department, Kingdom of Cambodia.
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Recommended citation BirdLife International (2013) Important Bird Areas factsheet: Sre Ambel. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 25/05/2013
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