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Location Cambodia, Koh Kong
Central coordinates 103o 2.00' East  11o 30.00' North
IBA criteria A1, A4i
Area 27,289 ha
Altitude 0 - 110m
Year of IBA assessment 2003

BirdLife Indochina Programme (BirdLife Direct Action Programme)

Site description The IBA is situated to the south of Koh Kong provincial town, and comprises all areas of mangrove forest on Koh Kapik island and associated coastal areas on the mainland. The IBA supports the most intact mature mangrove forest in Cambodia and, arguably, in the whole of the Gulf of Thailand. The mangroves around Koh Kapik island are bisected by many creeks. Along the western coastline of the island, there are well developed mudflats, while the northern coastline is more sandy. There is a single village (Koh Kapik) on the island, where the main industry is fishing. Much of the IBA is included within Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary, and the southern parts, centred on the island, have been designated as Koh Kapik Ramsar site. The IBA is an important site for migratory waterbirds, including Nordmann's Greenshank Tringa guttifer and Asian Dowitcher Limnodromus semipalmatus. In addition, there are historical records of Milky Stork Mycteria cinerea and Lesser Adjutant Leptoptilos javanicus from 1944, although there have been no recent records, and the current status of these globally vulnerable species at the IBA is unknown.

Key Biodiversity 3649 waders of 17 species recorded in January 1996.

Non-bird biodiversity: Long tailed Macaque (Mamaca fascicularis) occurs in the mangrove. The best, most mature mangrove forest in Cambodia and arguably in the whole of Indochina and the gulf of Thailand.Long-tailed Macaque (Macaca fascicularis)

Populations of IBA trigger species

Species Season Period Population estimate Quality of estimate IBA Criteria IUCN Category
Spotted Greenshank Tringa guttifer winter  1998  common  A1, A4i  Endangered 

IBA Monitoring

2009 high favourable low
Poor - based on little, or potentially unreliable/unrepresentative, data

Pollution industrial & military effluents - type unknown/unrecorded happening now some of area/population (10-49%) moderate to rapid deterioration high
Residential and commercial development housing and urban areas happening now small area/few individuals (<10%) no or imperceptible deterioration low

Forest Mangrove forest (tropical)  0 0 good (> 90%) good (> 90%) favourable

Most of site (50-90%) covered (including the most critical parts for important bird species)  No management planning has taken place  Substantive conservation measures are being implemented but these are not comprehensive and are limited by resources and capacity  low 

Protected areas

Protected area Designation Area (ha) Relationship with IBA Overlap with IBA (ha)  
Koh Kapik and Associated Islets Wetlands of International Importance (Ramsar) 12,000 protected area contained by site 12,000  
Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary 24,591 protected area overlaps with site 19,200  


IUCN habitat Habitat detail Extent (% of site)
Forest Mangrove forest (tropical)  -
Coastline   -

Land use

Land-use Extent (% of site)
agriculture -
fisheries/aquaculture -
other -
Notes: small settlements

Protection status Overlaps with Peam Krasop Wildlife Sanctuary

Further web sources of information 

Site account from Directory of Important Bird Areas in Cambodia: key sites for conservation (Seng Kim Hout 2003)

References Document nameEdwards, P.J. (1996) Cambodia wetlands ornithological survey. Xenus Ecology. Newmarket, UK.Edwards, P.J. (1996) Recent waterbird surveys in Cambodia. Forktail 15: 29-42.Engelbach, P. 1952. Notes de voyage dans les Monts des Cardamomes (Cambodge). L'Oiseau et la Revue Francaise d'Ornithologie. 22: 283-302.Mundkur, T., Carr, P., Sun Hean and Chhim Somean (1995) Surveys for large waterbirds in Cambodia. March - April 1994. Cambridge, UK: IUCN/SSC.

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Recommended citation  BirdLife International (2016) Important Bird and Biodiversity Area factsheet: Koh Kapik. Downloaded from on 27/10/2016

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